Indd 5 32813 404 pm contents key terms 86 web

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Unformatted text preview: ional Resources 87 Chapter 4 Jails 89 Introduction 90 Pre-Test 90 4.1 Jails: Basic Facts and Figures 91 4.2 Historical Foundations of the Jail 93 The Jacksonian Era: 1820–1850 93 Jails From 1850–1900 95 The 20th-Century Jail 95 Composition of Offenders in Jail 97 4.3 Pretrial Detention and the Jailing Processes 98 Disintegration 100 Disorientation 101 Degradation 101 Preparation 102 4.4 Modern Jail Management Issues 103 Jail Conditions 103 Jail Design and Management 105 Linear/Intermittent Surveillance 105 Podular/Remote Surveillance 106 Podular/Direct Supervision 107 Direct Supervision Principles 109 4.5 Mental Illness in Jails 109 The Role of the Correctional Officer 110 The Crisis Intervention Team (CIT) Model 111 Conclusion 112 Post-Test 113 Key Ideas 114 Critical Thinking Questions 115 Key Terms 115 Web Resources 116 Additional Resources 116 sto80731_fm_i-xvi.indd 6 3/28/13 4:04 PM CONTENTS Chapter 5 Imprisonment Introduction Pre-Test 117 118 118 5.1 Early Conceptions of Prison Social Organization 119 Prisonization 120 Testing the Prisonization Hypothesis: Wheeler 120 Testing the Prisonization Hypothesis: Garabedian 121 5.2 The Functional/Deprivation Model of Prison Social Organization 123 Pains of Imprisonment 124 Deprivation of Liberty 124 Deprivation of Goods and Services 124 Deprivation of Sexual Contact 124 Denial of Autonomy 125 Deprivation of Security 125 Argot Roles 126 Prison Social Organization and Prison Stability 128 5.3 The Importation Model of Prison Social Organization 130 Thief Subculture 130 Convict Subculture 130 Legitimate Subculture 131 5.4 Contemporary Conceptions of Imprisonment: Stateville 132 The Authoritarian Regime (1925–1970) 132 The Search for a New Equilibrium (1970–1975) 133 Department of Corrections 133 Educated Administrative Officials 134 Teachers, Counselors, and Social Workers 134 The Legal System, Gangs, and Guards 134 5.5 The Modern-Day Experience of Incarceration: 1980–Present 135 Mature Coping 136 Recognize Common Problems of Adjustment 136 Refuse to Resort to Violence or Deception 137 Care for Self and Others 137 Niches 137 “Three Strikes and You’re Out” 138 Growth in Prison Populations 139 Increased Violence 140 The Prisoner’s Response 141 Super-Max Prisons 141 sto80731_fm_i-xvi.indd 7 3/28/13 4:04 PM CONTENTS 5.6 Correctional Officers at Work 143 Individual...
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This document was uploaded on 04/07/2014.

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