Indd 9 32813 404 pm contents chapter 8 probation 213

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Unformatted text preview: 8.2 History and Development of Probation Antecedents of Probation 217 The “Father of Probation” 217 Probation as a Recognized Element of Corrections 217 218 8.3 Assessing Probation as a Corrections Element 220 Advantages of Probation 220 Disadvantages of Probation 221 8.4 Structure and Operation of Probation 223 Operation: Probation Field Offices 225 Pretrial Services 225 Investigation Services 225 Supervision 227 Revocation 230 Conclusion 232 Post-Test 232 Key Ideas 233 Critical Thinking Questions 234 Key Terms 234 Web Resources 235 Additional Resources 236 Chapter 9 Parole and Post-Prison Conditional Release Introduction Pre-Test 237 238 238 9.1 Distinguishing Parole, Mandatory Release, and TSR 9.2 History and Development of Parole 244 239 Alexander Maconochie and Walter Crofton 245 Zebulon Brockway 246 The Progressive Era 246 Current Notions 247 sto80731_fm_i-xvi.indd 10 3/28/13 4:04 PM CONTENTS 9.3 “Parole” Decision Making 248 Criticism and Debates 249 Discretionary Decisions 249 Decision-Making Guidelines 251 9.4 Common Aspects of Conditional Release 253 Conditions 253 Supervision 254 Discretion 256 Assessment and Classification 256 9.5 Re-entry Into the Community 257 Challenges Posed by Re-entry 257 Efforts to Address Re-entry Concerns Revocation 261 259 Conclusion 262 Post-Test 262 Key Ideas 264 Critical Thinking Questions 265 Key Terms 265 Web Resources 266 Additional Resources 266 Chapter 10 Emerging Themes in Corrections Introduction Pre-Test 269 270 270 10.1 Change and Corrections 271 10.2 General Concerns Regarding the Future 274 Changing Problems 274 Changes in the Prevailing Wisdom About “Solutions” 275 Changes in the Resource Base 276 10.3 Privatization 276 Nature and Extent of Private Involvement 277 Key Issues 280 Conceptual Issues 280 Strategic Issues 280 Administrative Issues 281 Legal Issues 281 Financial Issues 282 Does Privatization Place Corrections on the Defensive? sto80731_fm_i-xvi.indd 11 283 3/28/13 4:04 PM CONTENTS 10.4 Female Offenders and Corrections 10.5 Death Penalty 287 284 Fair and Consistent Appl...
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This document was uploaded on 04/07/2014.

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