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Unformatted text preview: sible ( both through Indonesia / N.G. and within Australian conKnent ) • both iniKal and later movements dependent on development of boaKng technology Map from: J. Balme, I. Davidson, J. McDonald, N. Stern, and P. Veth (2009) ‘Symbolic behaviour and the peopling of the southern arc route to Australia’, Quaternary Interna5onal, 202 (2009) 59–
68, 61 Environmental Inﬂuences on Homo migra3ons • out‐of‐Africa hypothesis is now widely accepted, with successive migraKons to other areas • from ~ 2.4 m.y.a. a series of alternaKng glacial and interglacial periods have led to fragmenKng of habitats and isolaKon of hominin populaKons • from 2.0 m.y.a. hominin speciaKon appears to accelerate • controlled use of ﬁre (~1.0.m.y.a.) by H. erectus assisted small groups to migrate (hunKng, warmth, protecKon from predators) Australasian Humans • only 3 Homo species reached this region • Homo erectus was present in Java at ~1.5 m.y.a.; H. erectus also present further east on Flores at > 0.8 m.y.a. • also on Flores a populaKon of Kny hominins (Homo ﬂoresiensis) existed (95,000 – 12,000 y.a.) • H. ﬂoresiensis thought to have resulted from long‐
term isolaKon and dwarﬁng of ancestral H. erectus • Homo sapiens (that’...
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This document was uploaded on 04/05/2014.
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