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A GEM of a Study: Discussion Post Week 21.1. What are the independent and dependent variables in this study?After reading and analyzing a GEM of a Study case study, the independent and dependentvariables can be determined. An independent variable is manipulated by the researcher, therefore causing an effect or change on the dependent variable (Schindler & Cooper, 2018, p. 12). The independent variables in this study are the activities that promote and stimulate entrepreneurship activities. The dependent variable is of primary interest to the researcher (Schindler & Cooper, 2018, p. 12). The dependent variables in this study are economic growth/growth in GDP and job formation. The purpose of this study was to determine what type of government policies and initiatives will help to generate entrepreneurship activities. It is important to remember that variables can also be applied to our daily lives, in a biblical sense. Our lives consist of constants and variables. God is under control, therefore making Him our constant. He wants what is best for us and He has a plan. If that is our constant, there is no variable in this life that can change it (Fikkert, 2016). 2.2. What are some of the intervening, extraneous, and moderating variables that the study attempted to control with its 10-nation design?Within the case study, multiple variables are present. An intervening variable (mediator) transmits the effect of an independent variable to a dependent variable (MacKinnon et al., 2002, p. 14).Intervening variables are hypothetical and explain causal links between other variables.
Because these variables are hypothetical, they cannot be measured. Creating a societal culture that promotes entrepreneurship is an example of an intervening variable. Culture influences the