2Teen DepressionPopulation and presenting problemDepression is a mental health disorder associated with mood, which usually causes a feeling of sadness. Individuals diagnosed with a major depressive disorder often display loss of interest in activities, despair, and daily life impairment. Other symptoms include weight loss, difficulty sleeping, lack of energy, suicidal thoughts, and appetite loss. According to Davaasambuu et al., depression is the leading cause of disability in the United States among people between ages 15 and 44. However, depression is a significant problem for adolescents, with up to 8% of adolescents in the USA experiencing depression (Collins et al. 2004). My presenting problem would be to explain what contributes to depression in adolescents and how it affects daily life functioning. I will also be discussing the cultural considerations, measurements, and other aspects regarding teen depression.Review of the articles.Conducting this research, I’ve learned the many risk factors that contribute to adolescents' depression. While reading, I could relate to some of the depression symptoms, and itmakes me wonder, was I a depressed teen? The adolescent stage is a significant stage into adulthood; we’ve all shared some of the same experiences. The study showed that blacks experience various forms of mental health issues than any other race. During puberty, all teens body changes and they start to have low self-esteem from weight change and negative feedback from peers or bullies. I also conducted from the article that gender difference does play a small role. I learned that depression disorder could lead to suicidal thoughts, substance abuse, criminal behaviors, and other serious mental health issues. Teens need to get help through therapy or other
3excellent services that’ll prevent these negative thoughts they process. Cognitive-behavioral therapy & Interpersonal Therapy in Teens “Evidence-based treatments for youth depression, such as cognitive-behavioral therapy and interpersonal approaches, are associated with benefits that, for some, persist over time” (Gladstone et al., 2011). Cognitive-behavioral therapy is a psychological treatment that has been used to treat depression, anxiety, and other mental illnesses. CBT effectively changes thinking patterns and primarily focuses on breaking down one’s problems and recognizing the individual’sthoughts, feelings and behaviors. The behavioral component emphasizes engaging youth by promoting greater participation in pleasant activities and developing social skills and problem-solving strategies (Freire et al., 2014). Moreover, interpersonal therapy is another form of psycho-social approach that helps aid in mental health improvement. The main goal of IPT is to help individuals socialize with others and address their issues. The focus of IPT is on how relationship issues are related to the onset orongoing occurrence of depressive symptoms (Reyes-Portillo, 2015).