Unsaturated Hydrocarbons Outline

Unsaturated Hydrocarbons Outline - adds water across a...

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CHAPTER 11 REVIEW - UNSATURATED HYDROCARBONS Are alkenes (C n H 2n ) and alkynes (C n H 2n-2 ). Naming alkenes: same as the alkane name but change the ending to -ene. o Number the chain to give the lowest number to the first carbon in the double or triple bond. Naming alkynes: same as the alkane name but change the ending to –yne. Structural Isomers: same chemical formula but the location of the multiple bond changes. Addition reactions: add across the double or triple bond. o Hydrogenation: adds hydrogen to each carbon atom in the multiple bond. o Hydration:
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Unformatted text preview: adds water across a double bond. Adds hydrogen to the carbon in a double bond with the most hydrogen atoms, Adds OH to the other carbon atom in the double bond. o Halogenation: adds a halogen (group 7 element) to each carbon atom in a multiple bond, (Cl 2 ). • Aromatic compounds: a ring of 6 carbon atoms and 6 hydrogen atoms. o Lewis structure has alternating double bonds. Has multiple resonance structures. o Structure is flat. o Benzene and phenol are examples. Phenol is a benzene ring with an OH group attached....
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