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Unformatted text preview: Ethers: their functional group is an oxygen atom between two carbon atoms. o Used as anesthetics. Flammable. o Ether solubility: 4 carbons or less are water soluble. Oxidation reactions: 1) loss of hydrogen, 2) increased number of C-O bonds. o Alkane primary alcohol aldehyde carboxylic acid Primary alcohols aldehyde Secondary alcohols ketone Tertiary alcohol no reaction o Thiols disulfide (sulfur bridge) Reduction reactions: 1) gain hydrogen, 2) decreased number of C-O bonds. o Carboxylic acid aldehyde primary alcohol alkane Tollens test: silver mirror precipitate forms in aldehydes are present....
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- Spring '08