Unformatted text preview: • Ethers: their functional group is an oxygen atom between two carbon atoms. o Used as anesthetics. Flammable. o Ether solubility: 4 carbons or less are water soluble. • Oxidation reactions: 1) loss of hydrogen, 2) increased number of C-O bonds. o Alkane à primary alcohol à aldehyde à carboxylic acid Primary alcohols à aldehyde Secondary alcohols à ketone Tertiary alcohol à no reaction o Thiols à disulfide (sulfur bridge) • Reduction reactions: 1) gain hydrogen, 2) decreased number of C-O bonds. o Carboxylic acid à aldehyde à primary alcohol à alkane • Tollen’s test: silver mirror precipitate forms in aldehydes are present....
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This note was uploaded on 04/10/2008 for the course CHEM 231 taught by Professor Hanover during the Spring '08 term at Lansing.
- Spring '08