Acids and Bases Outline

Acids and Bases Outline - CHEMISTRY 120 CHAPTER 8 REVIEW...

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CHEMISTRY 120 – CHAPTER 8 – REVIEW Acids and Bases Acids: taste sour, neutralize bases, formula begins with H. o Arrhenius acids: produce H + in water. o Bronsted-Lowry acids: donates H + . o Strong acids: completely ionize in water. Are strong electrolytes. 6 strong acids: HCl, HBr, HI, H 2 SO 4 , HNO 3 , HClO 4 . o Weak acids: slightly ionize in water. Are weak electrolytes. If it is not a strong acid (and it is an acid), then it is a weak acid. o Naming acids: Acids with hydrogen and one nonmetal. Begin the name with the prefix hydro . Name the nonmetal changing its ending to –ic acid Acids with hydrogen and a polyatomic ion. Change the ending of the polyatomic ion from –ate to –ic acid. Change the ending of the polyatomic ion from –ite to –ous acid. Bases: taste bitter, feel slippery, neutralize acids. o Arrhenius bases: produce OH - in water. o
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This note was uploaded on 04/10/2008 for the course CHEM 231 taught by Professor Hanover during the Spring '08 term at Lansing.

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Acids and Bases Outline - CHEMISTRY 120 CHAPTER 8 REVIEW...

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