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Philosophical Foundations of Education.pdf - EDUC 5010:...

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EDUC 5010: EDUCATION IN CONTEXT: HISTORY, PHILOSOPHY, ANDSOCIOLOGYUniversity of the PeoplePhilosophical Foundations of EducationIntroductionEducators are constantly required to develop their education philosophy and to dynamicallycontextualize it and adapt it to diverse situations with the purpose of providing the best learningexperiences for learners.The main philosophies of education are characterized into teacher-centered, student-centered, andsociety-centered.TheseincludeEssentialism,Perennialism,Progressivism,SocialReconstructionism, Existentialism, Behaviorism, Constructivism, Conservatism, and Humanism(Lavi, n.d). An educational philosophy should be all-inclusive related to reality and studentsabilities making the learning process appealing and less challenging. As such and reflecting on mystudies and teaching experience, I built my teaching philosophy based on a combination betweenCharles Sanders Peirce philosophy of Pragmatism and consequentlyJohn Dewey’s philosophy ofProgressivism.Pragmatism, a philosophy derived from the teaching of Charles Sanders Peirce, who supposedthat thought must produce action, rather than linger in mind and lead to indecisiveness (Cohen,1999). Pragmatists hold the view that reality is continually changing and that we learn best throughapplying our thoughts and experiences to problems as they arise (Cohen, 1999).
During the 19th century, John Dewey, one of the leading advocates of pragmatism, discoursed thatmerely experienced or observed facts are real. Collaboration between learners is essential to histheory.For the pragmatist, the program encourages subjects related to social experience. It is establishedto ensemble the place, time, and circumstance. The prospectus promotes co-operation betweendiverse cultural and ethnic groups to create a democratic society. The eventual resolution is the

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