20th Century france and germany notes - 20th Century France...

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20 th Century France and Germany Notes I. Bismarck looks West – “Hey, there’s France” : Franco-Prussian War A. Biz. Needed to persuade the southern German states to join the NGC B. Opportunity knocks: C. Spanish throne becomes vacant C.1. German Hapsburgs and Hohenzollerns and French Bourbons had ruled Spain for centuries D. Spanish parliament offered throne to Karl Anthony, a Hohenzollern D.1. By tradition, he had to ask permission of the King of Prussia, William I, in order to accept the crown E. The French emperor, Napoleon III, believed he was entitled to monetary compensation if Karl Anthony accepted the crown E.1. France demanded territory along the Rhine to allow the coronation E.2. felt that a German Hohenzollern on the Spanish throne would be a danger to French security E.3. France wanted to extend their influence into the independent southern German states F. French ambassador, Benedetti, met with William I at Bad Ems (resort and spa in Germany) and tried to convince him to withdraw Karl Anthony’s
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Unformatted text preview: candidacy F.1.William I sent Biz. A telegram outlining the French demands F.2.Bismarck read the telegram, altered it, and published it F.2.a. Bismarck struck out words to change the tone of the telegram F.2.b. telegram looked as if William had insulted the French G. Altered telegram forced France into diplomatic defeat or war H. France declares war on July 1870 II. Franco-Prussian War 1870 A. France ill prepared for the Prussian military machine A.1. Prussians gain support of southern German states A.2. France can find No allies B. Series of small battles, final meeting at Sedan C. French soundly defeated and Napoleon III taken prisoner D. Prussians occupy France E. Triumphant Prussian Army sets out for Paris E.1. intend to occupy the city and surrounding areas F. Parisian resistance (not an oxymoron) F.1.Revolution in the city of Paris F.2.guerilla warfare F.3.forces a Prussian siege of the city F.4.Paris starved into submission after 5 months...
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  • Spring '14
  • southern German states, Karl Anthony

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