Chapter 18 Note Guide--Editable.docx - AP World History...

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AP World History Chapter 18 Note Guide – Colonial Encounters in Asia, Africa, and Oceania I. Introduction Africans, Asians, Islanders, and European colonies were all major elements in the growth of the nineteenth century as it depended on the cultures and history of colinized people. Everyone had experienced the colonized era differently and these reactions and actions shaped history as we know it. II. Industry and Empire a. Demand for raw material and agricultural goods The enormous productivity of industrial technology and Europe’s growing affluence now created the need for extensive raw materials and agricultural products. This demand radically changed patterns of economic and social life in the countries of their origin. b. Need for new markets and consumers Between 1910 and 1913, Britain was sending about half of its savings overseas as foreign investment. In 1914, it had some 3.7 billion pounds sterling invested abroad, about equally divided between Europe, North America, and Australia on the one hand and Asia, Africa, and Latin America on the other. c. Mass nationalism and imperialism
d. Technologies that facilitated imperialism
e. New European perceptions of “other” peoples
AP World History i. “Scientific” racism In the nineteenth century Europeans used the prestige and apparatus of science to support their racial preferences and prejudices. Phrenologists, craniologists, and physicians used allegedly scientific methods and instruments to classify the size and shape of human skulls and concluded, that those of whites were larger and therefore more advanced.

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