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TEACHING LITERATURE TO CHILDREN.docx - Teaching Literature...

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Teaching Literature to ChildrenThe Reader-Centered Approach to LiteratureSome books are to be tasted, others to be swallowed, and some few to bechewed and digested.” ~ Francis Bacon"Readers return to books because of the way they feel about thereading, their response to thetext." ~ Martha CombsDefinition: What is the reader-centered approach to literature?The reader-centered approach, based onreader-response criticism,emphasizes the individual as areader-responder. It argues that reading aliterary text is part of a complex process that includesa collaborationbetween the writer, the text, and the reader.A text isre-createdevery time someone new reads it, and it becomes, in theprocess, increasinglyricher. The text is astimulusthatelicits responsesfrom us based onour past experiences, our previous reading, ourthoughts, and our feelings.In this reader-response approach,the text acts on the readerandthe readerinteracts with the text; therefore, this analytical method is often referred to astransactional analysis.The reader-response critical theory teaches us thatthere are no absolutes. Itenables us to examine thecomplexityof human behavior and motivation,thedifficulty in ascertaining right and wrong, and theinterdependenciesinvolved in any social construct.Objectives of the reader-centered approach(Purves, Rogers, & Soter,1990):1. To encourage individual readers to feel comfortable with their ownresponses to a literary work.2. To encourage the readers to seek out the reasons for their responses andthereby come to understand themselves better.
3. To encourage the readers to recognize, in the responses of others, thedifferences among people and to respect those differences.4. To encourage readers to recognize, in the response of others, thesimilarities among people.The Role of the teacher:Theteacher's responsibilitiesin effecting a successful reading experience inyoung people:1.Bring children and books together.2.Give them as many different types of literature as possible.3.Encourage honest and open responses4.Challenge them to explore those responses and learn something aboutthemselves5.Provide them with the critical language that they might clearly expresstheir responses6.Encourage toleration.7.Encourage mutual understanding.Suggested activities:1.Reading AloudEffective reading aloud can be modeled by observing the followingguidelines.1) Read stories you enjoy.2) Choose stories that are suitable to the children's emotional and socialdevelopmental levels. Don't be afraid if the text includes a fewchallenging words.

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Term
Spring
Professor
NoProfessor
Tags
Drama, Theatre, Literary Theory, Reader response criticism, The Dramatics

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