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Unformatted text preview: rtment are a consequence of chromosome movement in meiosis.
Core outcomes: Students should be able to:
1) Determine whether eukaryotic cells are haploid or diploid.
2) Differentiate among gene, allele and locus and illustrate each with an example.
3) Illustrate with simple diagrams how cells produce daughter cells during mitosis and how
diploid cells produce haploid cells during meiosis, including tracking the location of
alleles during the process.
4) Demonstrate (using simple diagrams or calculations) how sexual reproduction
contributes to genetic variation and to differences between parents and offspring.
5) Illustrate with simple diagrams how crossing over results in different gene combinations.
6) Illustrate how dominant alleles provide sufficient gene function to confer a phenotype
even when only one copy is present, and how this differs from codominance and
7) Calculate expected frequencies in monohybrid and dihybrid crosses.
8) Infer the mode of inheritance (e.g., number of genes, dominance, linkage, sex linkage),
given data from experimental crosses.
9) Analyze data from a test cross to determine whether genes are linked.
10) Deduce from a pedigree whether a trait is autosomal or sex linked, dominant or
Additional (i.e. noncore outcomes)
a1) Describe genetic sex determination in animals and the consequences of having genes
on the X chromosome.
a2) Describe the events that occur during the cell cycle, how the cycle is regulated and how
errors in regulation can lead to cancer.
a3) Distinguish polyploidy from diploidy and explain the ramifications of polyploidy in
a4) Analyze data from a test cross to determine the recombination frequency of linked
a5) Calculate expected frequencies in multihybrid crosses.
a6) Assess the role of the environment in gene expression.
a7) Assess the positive and negative impact of personal genomics studies (e.g., allele
identification “kits”). EVOLUTION OUTCOMES
Students should be able to describe evolution as a change in allele frequ...
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