core history 22- Lecture 6 ottoman

core history 22- Lecture 6 ottoman - Lecture 6: Ottoman...

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Lecture 6: Ottoman Empire Ebert The Ottoman Empire (1289-1923) Osman leads bands of semi nomadic Turks to become  ghazi :  Muslim religious warriors Mehmed II (“the Conqueror,” 1451-1481) Capture of Constantinople, 1453 Renamed Istanbul Transformation from warrior sultan to emperor of “two lands” (Europe, Asia) and “two seas” (Black Sea,  Mediterranean) Planned to capture Pope, unsuccessful Suleyman the Magnificent (r. 1520-1566) Expanded into Asia, Europe Besieged Vienna, 1529 Develops naval power Pragmatic statesman as well as a good general: divides European powers Presides over a “golden age” Ottoman Society Warlike Values Superb Administrators (able to control areas that they conquer) Islamic Ottoman Power and Institutions Sultan is also an Imam: military and religious leader Chief minister: Grand Vizier Viziers (vice regents) Amirs (governors) Serious succession problems! Ottoman Military Society is always mobilized for war Skilled mounted archers Light and heavy artillery Elite warriors: Janissaries Sinan, Ottoman architect Born to Greek Orthodox Parents Builds over 79 mosques, 34 palaces and 300 other structures Economic and Military Decline  Foreign trade controlled by Europeans
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This note was uploaded on 04/10/2008 for the course HISTORY 2.2 taught by Professor Ebert during the Spring '08 term at CUNY Brooklyn.

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core history 22- Lecture 6 ottoman - Lecture 6: Ottoman...

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