Science 10 Biomes (Key) - TUNDRA LATITUDE 60-70N BOREAL...

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TUNDRA LATITUDE: 60°-70°N DESCRIPTION Climate Precipitation: <25cm Summer: 3-12°C Winter: - 20°C Physical Features Permafrost Flat, poor drainage Summer: pools & marshes, lots of daylight Winter: dark all day Plant Adapt- ations Short grasses, mosses, lichens Small roots that don’t get far in Fuzzy coverings protect from wind Shrubs flower quickly b/c summer is so short Some plants keep leaves to conserve nutrients Animal Adaptation s Compact bodies reduce heat loss (and short legs + ears) Grow shorter (use less E) Migrate to food sources Colour to match snow BOREAL FOREST LATITUDE: North America 45°-65°N; Russia: 55° - 65°N DESCRIPTION Climate Precipitation: 30-85cm (mostly snow) Down to -40°C Physical Features 50 day summer growing season Rough terrain Marshy, soil is quite wet Plant Adapt- ations Coniferous trees Few understory plants (lack of light) Animal Adaptations Migrations (warblers and other birds that eat bugs move south in winter) Burrowing small mammals (stay warm) Large bodied mammals need lots of thick fur to retain heat Hair colour change; insects multiply rapidly in summer
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TEMPERATE RAINFOREST LATITUDE: 38° - 61°N DESCRIPTION Climate Precipitation: >200 cm 5-25°C Coastal fog Physical
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