core hsitory 22- lecture 12

core hsitory 22- lecture 12 - Ebert Lecture 12...

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Ebert Lecture 12 - 1 - Enlightenment  The Enlightenment Trend away from Aristotelian philosophy and Church doctrine in favor of rational thought and scientific  analysis Not meant as an attack on the church, but leads to doubts anyway Self Aware: people perceive themselves as contributing to a new age of thought Contexts and Contents of the Enlightenment: the Rise of the State States (kingdoms) are getting more powerful after 1700. Why? Theories emerge to defend “absolute monarchs” Rise of “Natural Law” theory to boost the position of the monarchy Natural law begins to be used to defend the rights of “subjects The Rise of the State: attacks on Localism In traditional Europe, Kings acted through nobility: patchwork of customs, laws and practices resulted Growing power of the monarchy and better transportation leads to standardization. New laws supported by bureaucracy New institutions such as “national armies” Support for “national” languages Expanding regional trade Material Base of the Enlightenment Columbian Exchange and agricultural improvement. More population, more leisure time Increased consumption of foods and manufactures Better transportation (transportation revolution) More freedom from government in the New World
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This note was uploaded on 04/10/2008 for the course HISTORY 2.2 taught by Professor Ebert during the Spring '08 term at CUNY Brooklyn.

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core hsitory 22- lecture 12 - Ebert Lecture 12...

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