core history 22- lecture 14

core history 22- lecture 14 - Ebert Lecture 14 -1- The...

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Ebert Lecture 14 - 1 - The industrial Revolution Industrial Revolution-Background the mobile labor force the availability of money for investment the growth of demand Industrial revolution-background effects of Agricultural Revolution the growth of internal and external commerce pop. Growth Proto-industrialization Consumer demand increases in 18th c. Supply is met through production in households arranged by entrepreneurs who bring the equipment and raw materials Paid through piece Goes around the urban “guild” system Gets rural women and children involved in “urban-type” production. Main Results of the I.R. Factories Urbanization of the population Massively increased production Industrial Technology Idea of Industrial Rev. as a Process. -one invention leads to another, which leads to new situations which call for yet other changes. Why textiles were first? Demand-led growth Rapid growth - need for iron and power. Investment By merchant capitalists at first. Later most money came from expanding areas themselves. -profit promoted search for new methods -only an already rich country like England could afford the first machine age. King Cotton and Manchester Cotton Machines (one Machine leads to another) Cotton was first industry to change - It was still new in 1760. There were many putter-outers looking for a more efficient way to produce cotton. Flying Shuttle 1733
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core history 22- lecture 14 - Ebert Lecture 14 -1- The...

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