The Chesapeake Region - A Identifications a Virginia Company b John Smith c Powhatan d John Rolfe e Society of Exclusion f Proprietary Colony B Who Why

The Chesapeake Region - A Identifications a Virginia...

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January 31, 2012 A. Identifications a. Virginia Company b. John Smith c. Powhatan d. John Rolfe e. Society of Exclusion f. Proprietary Colony B. Who & Why a. British b. King James I b.i. Wanted to re-start English colonization of the New World b.ii. Started sending families over more quickly than France/Spain b.iii. Less hostile to natives upon arrival b.iii.1. STILL tensions, but not as much b.iv. Interested in coming to the New World for economic opportunities, Virginia Company and settlement c. 1 st English settlement in America starts as a corporation d. 1606 King James issued a charter for a joint-stock company The Virginia Company d.i. Funded by individuals, not by monarchy individuals shared the benefits & losses d.ii. Received a land grant in the New World d.iii. 2 divisions d.iii.1. London Group d.iii.1.a. Could settle between North Carolina and New York d.iii.2. Plymouth Group d.iii.2.a. Area of North America from Virginia to Canada d.iv. King James authorized the settlement of both groups in a specific area d.iv.1. Overlap in territory between both groups any settlement from either group must have a distance of 100 miles between d.v. Virginia extended from Vermont to North Carolina (named after Queen Elizabeth I) d.vi. Shareholder interest? d.vi.1. Get a share of profits made d.vi.2. Gain power b/c of association with settlements d.vi.3. More open land in New World than in England d.vi.4. Interest in being a part of a joint-stock company d.vi.5. Gold & silver in the region d.vi.6. Establish trade with the local Indians d.vi.7. Valuable regional resources d.vi.7.a. Timber
January 31, 2012 d.vi.7.b. Tar d.vi.8. Provides outlet for unemployed people increase carrying capacity for British lower class d.vi.8.a. Enclosure movement lands were fenced in to control sheep for wool peasants that had previously used to open fields for farming were displace, which led to flocking to the city increase in beggars, but population increase sent to the New World b/c of population excess C. Virginia’s Founding & Settlement a. December 1606 London Group sent 3 ships & 144 male colonists to the New World founded Jamestown b. 1607 Plymouth Group sends a division to settle a colony in Maine colony fails within a year (harsh weather, hostile Indians, dissension in the group) discouraged & focused efforts on fishing & trading instead of settlement c. London Group arrive in April 1607 with 105 people c.i. Chose a site that was close to water, but still easily defended c.ii. Area = low, marshy & a breeding ground for mosquitoes d. Built a fort asap d.i.

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