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January 31, 2012A. Identificationsa.Virginia Companyb.John Smithc.Powhatand.John Rolfee.Society of Exclusionf.Proprietary ColonyB.Who & Whya.Britishb.King James Ib.i.Wanted to re-start English colonization of the New Worldb.ii.Started sending families over more quickly than France/Spainb.iii.Less hostile to natives upon arrivalb.iii.1.STILL tensions, but not as muchb.iv.Interested in coming to the New World for economic opportunities, Virginia Company and settlementc.1stEnglish settlement in America starts as a corporationd.1606King James issued a charter for a joint-stock companyThe Virginia Companyd.i.Funded by individuals, not by monarchyindividuals shared the benefits & lossesd.ii.Received a land grant in the New Worldd.iii.2 divisionsd.iii.1.London Groupd.iii.1.a.Could settle between North Carolina and New Yorkd.iii.2.Plymouth Groupd.iii.2.a.Area of North America from Virginia to Canadad.iv.King James authorized the settlement of both groups in a specific aread.iv.1.Overlap in territory between both groupsany settlement from either group must have a distance of 100 miles betweend.v.Virginia extended from Vermont to North Carolina (named after Queen Elizabeth I)d.vi.Shareholder interest?d.vi.1.Get a share of profits maded.vi.2.Gain power b/c of association with settlementsd.vi.3.More open land in New World than in Englandd.vi.4.Interest in being a part of a joint-stock companyd.vi.5.Gold & silver in the regiond.vi.6.Establish trade with the local Indiansd.vi.7.Valuable regional resourcesd.vi.7.a.Timber
January 31, 2012d.vi.7.b.Tar d.vi.8.Provides outlet for unemployed people increase carrying capacity for British lower classd.vi.8.a.Enclosure movementlands were fenced in to control sheep for wool peasants that had previously used to open fields for farming were displace, which led to flocking to the city increase in beggars, but population increasesent to the New World b/c of population excessC.Virginia’s Founding & Settlementa.December 1606 London Group sent 3 ships & 144 male colonists to the New Worldfounded Jamestown b.1607Plymouth Group sends a division to settle a colony in Maine colony fails within a year (harsh weather, hostile Indians, dissension in the group) discouraged & focused efforts on fishing & trading instead of settlementc.London Group arrive in April 1607 with 105 peoplec.i.Chose a site that was close to water, but still easily defendedc.ii.Area = low, marshy & a breeding ground for mosquitoesd.Built a fort asapd.i.