The Early Republic - A Identifications a Virginia Plan b...

This preview shows page 1 - 3 out of 7 pages.

A. Identificationsa.Virginia Planb.New Jersey Planc.Three-fifths Ruled.Federalistse.Bill of Rightsf.Alien and Sedition ActsB.The Constitutional Conventiona.May 1787a.i.RI not interested in sending someone to national meetinga.ii.12 states meet in Philadelphia to revise the Articles of Confederationb.Founding Fathersb.i.Elite, wealthy white menb.ii.Don’t want monarchy, but don’t want to leave the governing up to the laymanc.Elect George Washington to preside over the Conventiond.Elect to keep the meetings secrete.Virginia Plane.i.James Madison & delegates propose Articles get tossed out completelye.ii.Proposed a consolidated gov’t that could tax & legislate directlye.iii.Bicameral national legislaturee.iv.Representation in houses based on populatione.iv.1.House popular votee.iv.2.Senate chosen by state legislaturese.v.Chief legislative & national judiciarye.vi.States with small populations weren’t crazy about the planf.New Jersey Planf.i.Increase power of national gov’tf.ii.Wanted to retain the unicameral legislaturef.iii.Equal representation in Congressg.Compromiseg.i.Stronger national gov’tg.ii.Each state receives equal representation in senate (2 senators)g.iii.House representation based on populationg.iv.Census taken every 10 years to determine population (starting in 1790)h.Big-small state differences weren’t as bad as north-south differencesi.Slaveryi.i.South slaves have no rights and aren’t considered citizensi.i.1.South wants it both ways they want slaves to be counted for representation in congress, but don’t want them to count when it comes to taxationi.i.2.Three-Fifths Rulei.i.2.a.Says that 5 slaves are equal to 3 free men
i.i.2.b.3 people counted toward representation in Congressi.i.2.c.3 people counted for property & assetsi.i.3.South makes concession for a rule that economically helps the north in return for:i.i.3.a.3/5 rule i.i.3.b.Constitutional Convention agrees that they will not interfere with importation of slaves for 20 yearsi.i.3.c.Constitutional Convention passes a law requiring the return of runaway slaves to their ownersi.ii.Constitution never says “slavery” don’t’ want there to be disunity from the startj.Decided that it is important to have a strong judiciaryj.i.Power to declare acts of Congress unconstitutionalk.Decided on chief executivek.i.Have veto power over Congressk.ii.Elected by electoral collegel.September 17, 1787 approve Constitutionm.11 days later sent out to states for ratificationm.i.People not universally happy with itm.ii.Job was to revise, not redon.Federalistsn.i.Supporters of the Constitution

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture