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A. Identificationsa.Bacon’s Rebellionb.Middle Passagec.Stono RebellionB. Introductiona.1619 1stslaves arrive in America via a Dutch trader who used them to pay for supplies that he gained from John Rolfeb.Slavery is NOT a new idea Rome, Vikings, Germans, Anglo-Saxonsc.Typically, slavery had an ethnic elementcreating inferiorityd.Generally acquired through (a) war or (b) tradee.American slavery different that other kinds of existing slaverye.i.Racially basede.ii.Majority = plantation basede.ii.1.Most slaves in America will perform agricultural work plantation work is far more demanding that household work results in higher death ratee.ii.2.Most will work alongside a large number of other slavese.ii.3.Racially based black Africans creates a color line that facilitates a sharp distinction between slave & freef.Europeans viewed Africans as different & inferior prejudice isn’t the only thing that leads to the rise of slaveryf.i.Had to be persuaded that slaves were the best & cheapest form of laborg.16thcenturyg.i.Slave trade = big on the international marketg.ii.England, Holland, Denmark, France Spain colonized West Indies & began to rely on slave labor to run sugar plantationsg.ii.1.Realized that indentured servants didn’t provide a viable, long-term labor source, so they turned to slavery as a means of laborh.164511,000 white farmers & indentured servants & 5,000 slaves; 25 years later 82,000 slavesi.Sugar plantations that were worked by slaves DOMINATED international trade & economyC.African Slaves in the American Coloniesa.Tobaccoa.i.Extremely labor-intensivea.ii.Tobacco workers short lifespanb.Slaves were initially expensive, but prices drop & allowed slavery to flourishc.1680 slaves made up 5% of Chesapeake population (4,500 people)d.Initially, slaves weren’t slaves for life were able to eventually gain freedom & landd.i.Anthony Johnson (arrived in 1620)
d.i.1.By 1640 he owned land & slaves of his ownd.i.2.Around the same time, slaves began becoming slaves for lifee.1660se.i.VA & MD laws specifically mention slavery even greater divide b/w colonists & servantse.ii.1662 VA law any child with one free parent and one slave parent would inherit the status of the mother e.ii.1.Made sexual abuse of slaves profitable for the ownere.iii.