Slavery & The Slave Trade - A Identifications a Bacons...

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A. Identifications a. Bacon’s Rebellion b. Middle Passage c. Stono Rebellion B. Introduction a. 1619 1 st slaves arrive in America via a Dutch trader who used them to pay for supplies that he gained from John Rolfe b. Slavery is NOT a new idea Rome, Vikings, Germans, Anglo-Saxons c. Typically, slavery had an ethnic element creating inferiority d. Generally acquired through (a) war or (b) trade e. American slavery different that other kinds of existing slavery e.i. Racially based e.ii. Majority = plantation based e.ii.1. Most slaves in America will perform agricultural work plantation work is far more demanding that household work results in higher death rate e.ii.2. Most will work alongside a large number of other slaves e.ii.3. Racially based black Africans creates a color line that facilitates a sharp distinction between slave & free f. Europeans viewed Africans as different & inferior prejudice isn’t the only thing that leads to the rise of slavery f.i. Had to be persuaded that slaves were the best & cheapest form of labor g. 16 th century g.i. Slave trade = big on the international market g.ii. England, Holland, Denmark, France Spain colonized West Indies & began to rely on slave labor to run sugar plantations g.ii.1. Realized that indentured servants didn’t provide a viable, long-term labor source, so they turned to slavery as a means of labor h. 1645 11,000 white farmers & indentured servants & 5,000 slaves; 25 years later 82,000 slaves i. Sugar plantations that were worked by slaves DOMINATED international trade & economy C. African Slaves in the American Colonies a. Tobacco a.i. Extremely labor-intensive a.ii. Tobacco workers short lifespan b. Slaves were initially expensive, but prices drop & allowed slavery to flourish c. 1680 slaves made up 5% of Chesapeake population (4,500 people) d. Initially, slaves weren’t slaves for life were able to eventually gain freedom & land d.i. Anthony Johnson (arrived in 1620)
d.i.1. By 1640 he owned land & slaves of his own d.i.2. Around the same time, slaves began becoming slaves for life e. 1660s e.i. VA & MD laws specifically mention slavery even greater divide b/w colonists & servants e.ii. 1662 VA law any child with one free parent and one slave parent would inherit the status of the mother e.ii.1. Made sexual abuse of slaves profitable for the owner e.iii.

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