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A. Identificationsa.Wade-Davis Billb.Civil Rights Bill of 1866c.Black Codesd.Fourteenth Amendmente.Fifteenth Amendmentf.Ku Klux KlanB. Introductiona.Civil Wara.i.More the 620,000 wara.ii.1 in 12 serveda.iii.First Modern Wara.iii.1.Iron Clad shipsa.iii.2.Guns with greater accuracya.iii.3.Observation balloonsa.iv.The Union troops had the upper hand in numbers and resourcesb.CHALLENGEb.i.Trying to bring the union back together and bring a unifying peaceb.i.1.South lay in ruinb.i.2.South social & economic systems destroyedb.i.3.Slaves didn’t know where they stoodc.1865-1877c.i.Reconstruction EraC.Lincoln’s Reconstructiona.Doesn’t want to make it difficult for the separated statesa.i.Wanted to readmit succeeded states ASAPa.ii.Wanted to respect south’s propertyb.Presidential proclamation of amnestyb.i.Granted amnesty to any southerner who pledge his loyalty to the north and all lawsb.ii.Open to all except high-ranking officialsb.iii.10% planb.iii.1.When 10% of the people who voted in the 1860 election took the oath, then Lincoln would recognize the legitimacy of that state’s governmentc.Not all republicans agreed with Lincoln’s approachc.i.July 1864c.i.1.Senator Benjamin Wade & Congressman Henry Wade proposed alternativec.i.2.Wade-Davis Billc.i.2.a.50% of the white male citizens in a state would have to take the oath before the state could host a constitutional conventionc.i.2.a.i.Write out anything in regards to the legality of slavery
c.i.2.b.Each state would have to rewrite its constitutionc.i.2.c.New constitutionsc.i.2.c.i.Had to abolish slaveryc.i.2.c.ii.Had to take voting rights permanently away from military & civil leadersc.i.2.d.Constitutions could only be written by men who had never fought for the confederacy or helped the confederacy in any wayc.i.2.e.Former slaves were supposed to be guaranteed equality before the law, but not necessarily given the right to votec.i.2.e.i.Lincoln pocket-vetoed it never came to fruitionc.i.2.e.i.1.Felt that it undermined his efforts at unificationd.Andrew Johnson took over for Abraham Lincoln after Lincoln was assassinatedD.Presidential Reconstruction under Andrew Johnsona.Andrew Johnsona.i.Southern Democrata.ii.Against the Confederacya.iii.Very racista.iv.