* The Legacy of the Civil War & Reconstruction - A...

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A. Identifications a. Wade-Davis Bill b. Civil Rights Bill of 1866 c. Black Codes d. Fourteenth Amendment e. Fifteenth Amendment f. Ku Klux Klan B. Introduction a. Civil War a.i. More the 620,000 war a.ii. 1 in 12 served a.iii. First Modern War a.iii.1. Iron Clad ships a.iii.2. Guns with greater accuracy a.iii.3. Observation balloons a.iv. The Union troops had the upper hand in numbers and resources b. CHALLENGE b.i. Trying to bring the union back together and bring a unifying peace b.i.1. South lay in ruin b.i.2. South social & economic systems destroyed b.i.3. Slaves didn’t know where they stood c. 1865-1877 c.i. Reconstruction Era C. Lincoln’s Reconstruction a. Doesn’t want to make it difficult for the separated states a.i. Wanted to readmit succeeded states ASAP a.ii. Wanted to respect south’s property b. Presidential proclamation of amnesty b.i. Granted amnesty to any southerner who pledge his loyalty to the north and all laws b.ii. Open to all except high-ranking officials b.iii. 10% plan b.iii.1. When 10% of the people who voted in the 1860 election took the oath, then Lincoln would recognize the legitimacy of that state’s government c. Not all republicans agreed with Lincoln’s approach c.i. July 1864 c.i.1. Senator Benjamin Wade & Congressman Henry Wade proposed alternative c.i.2. Wade-Davis Bill c.i.2.a. 50% of the white male citizens in a state would have to take the oath before the state could host a constitutional convention c.i.2.a.i. Write out anything in regards to the legality of slavery
c.i.2.b. Each state would have to rewrite its constitution c.i.2.c. New constitutions c.i.2.c.i. Had to abolish slavery c.i.2.c.ii. Had to take voting rights permanently away from military & civil leaders c.i.2.d. Constitutions could only be written by men who had never fought for the confederacy or helped the confederacy in any way c.i.2.e. Former slaves were supposed to be guaranteed equality before the law, but not necessarily given the right to vote c.i.2.e.i. Lincoln pocket-vetoed it never came to fruition c.i.2.e.i.1. Felt that it undermined his efforts at unification d. Andrew Johnson took over for Abraham Lincoln after Lincoln was assassinated D. Presidential Reconstruction under Andrew Johnson a. Andrew Johnson a.i. Southern Democrat a.ii. Against the Confederacy a.iii. Very racist a.iv.

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