*The Civil War - A Identifications a Fort Sumter b...

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A. Identifications a. Fort Sumter b. Homestead Act c. Anaconda Plan d. Emancipation Proclamation B. Fort Sumter and Its Aftermath a. Day after Lincoln’s inauguration a.i. Fort Sumter told Lincoln that they only had enough supplies for another 4-6 weeks a.ii. April 11, 1861 a.ii.1. Confederates demanded surrender of Ft Sumter a.ii.2. April 12, 1861 a.ii.2.a. Confederates open fire on Fort a.ii.2.b. Unions are forced to surrender a.ii.3. April 19, 1861 a.ii.3.a. Lincoln announced blockade on all southern ports b. Confederate capitol establish in Richmond, VA c. Western VA decides that it does not want to secede c.i. 1863, WV is admitted to the Union as a free state d. Border State d.i. Critical for different reasons, but all eventually decide to stay in the Union d.i.1. Confederacy will have less manpower d.i.1.a. South has less manufacturing capability d.i.2. Argument that secession was necessary is invalid d.i.2.a. Border states are slave states d.i.2.b. Delaware d.i.2.b.i. Gateway to Philadelphia d.i.2.c. Missouri d.i.2.c.i. Borders Missouri River d.i.2.d. Kentucky d.i.2.d.i. Ohio River d.i.2.e. Maryland d.i.2.e.i. North of DC d.i.2.f. West Virginia d.ii. Both sides thought the war was going to be short d.ii.1. North enlistment 90 days d.ii.2. Southern enlistment 1 year C. Presidential Leadership a. Abraham Lincoln a.i. Challenge of holding the Union together a.ii. Takes an active role military policy a.ii.1. But, moves cautiously because he believes that there will be a reconciliation and he plans for that from the beginning
a.iii. Called for volunteer soldiers, instated blockade, increased military spending without Congress’ consent a.iv. Tries to mediate between radicals & moderates a.v. Homestead Act a.v.1. Really has nothing to do with the war a.v.1.a. How to distribute lands a.v.2. 1862 a.v.2.a. One of the main points the Republican Party was pushing for in the 1860 election a.v.3.

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