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Unformatted text preview: uipped with a modem can transfer data over analog cellular
Analog computer: A computer that operates on data, which is in the form of
continuously variable physical quantities such as electrical current.
Anonymous ftp site: On the Internet, a computer that allows a user to log in with a
username of anonymous and then a password that is the user's e-mail address.
Antivirus utility: A program used to cure a computer from virus infection.
Application programmer: A programmer who prepares application software.
Application software: A set of one or more programs designed to solve a specific
problem or do a specific task such as pay calculation, processing of examination
results, stores accounting and inventory control, etc. Archie: A keyword-based Internet search tool that allows files, stored at
anonymous sites of the Internet, to be searched either by their names or by their
Architecture: The organization and interconnection of the various components of a
Archiving: The process of storing old data files on separate disks or tapes to make
room for new files on the hard disk of a computer.
Arithmetic Logic Unit (ALU): The unit of a computing system, which performs all
mathematical and logical operations. It is one of the components of the central
processing unit (CPU) of the computer.
Artificial intelligence: A branch of computer science that deals with computers
that possess reasoning, learning, and thinking capabilities that resemble those of
Assembler: A computer program which translates an assembly language program
to its machine language equivalent.
Assembly language: A programming language, which allows instructions and
storage locations to be represented by letters and symbols instead of numbers.
Also known as symbolic language.
Assembly program: A program written in an assembly language. Also known as
Asynchronous communication: Data transmission mode in which the sender can
send data at any convenient time and the receiver will accept it.
Automated tape library: A mass storage device, which uses a set of magnetic tapes
and tape drives wit...
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- Spring '14