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Unformatted text preview: onic of the displayed document. What would happen? Within a few seconds you will find yourself connected to the computer at MSRL of Panasonic in Tokyo and displayed on your computer screen will be the document that gives detailed information about MSRL of Panasonic. Hypertext documents on the Internet are known as Web Pages. Web Pages are created by using a special language called HyperText Markup Language (HTML in short). HTML is a subset of the more generalized language called Standard Generalized Markup Language (SGML in short) which is a powerful language for linking documents for easier electronic access and manipulation of documents. HTML is becoming a de-facto industrial standard for creating Web Pages. The WWW uses the client-server model and an Internet Protocol called HyperText Transport Protocol (HTTP in short) for interaction between the computers on the Internet. Any computer on the Internet that uses the HTTP protocol is called a Web Server and any computer that can access that server is called a Web Client. The use of the client-server model and the HTTP allows different kinds of computers on the Internet to interact with each other. For example, a Unix workstation may be the web server and a Windows PC may be the web client if both of them use the HTTP protocol for transmitting and receiving information. WWW BROWSERS To be used as a web client, a computer needs to be loaded with a special software tool that is known as WWW browser (or browser in short). Browsers normally provide the following navigation facilities to help users save time when they are jumping from server to server while Internet surfing: 1. Unlike FTP and Telnet, browsers do not require a user to remotely log in to a server computer and then to log out again when the user has finished accessing information stored on the server computer. 2. Browsers allow a user to specify an URL address of a server computer to facilitate the user to directly visit the server computer's site and to access information stored on it. URL stands for Uniform Resource Locator. It is an addressing scheme used by WWW browsers...
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This document was uploaded on 04/07/2014.

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