Hence commercial production of these systems was

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Unformatted text preview: electronic circuits, resulting m reduced human labor and cost involved at assembly stage. Hence commercial production of these systems was easier and cheaper. However, highly sophisticated technology and expensive setup was required for the manufacture of LSI and VLSI chips. 9. Use of standard high-level programming languages allowed programs written for one computer to be easily ported to and executed on another computer. 10. Graphical user interface (GUI) enabled new computer users to learn how to use computers very quickly. 11. PC-based applications made the PCs a powerful tool for both office and home usage. 12. Multiprocessing coupled with concurrent programming languages allowed many new types of complex problems to be solved on the large-scale computers within reasonable time. 13. Network of computers enabled sharing of resources like disks, printers, etc. among multiple computers and their users. They also enabled several new types of applications involving interaction among computer users at geographically distant locations. Computer Supported Cooperative Working (CSCW), or groupware is one such application in which multiple members working on a single project and located at distant locations cooperate with each other using a network of computers. 14. Availability of C programming language allowed these systems to be effectively used for systems programming also like design of compilers and operating systems. 15. Object-oriented languages allowed development of reusable software modules, which helped in rapid software development. 16. In addition to unbundled software, these systems also used unbundled or add-on hardware feature which allowed users to invest only in the hardware configuration and software of their need and value. 17. The PCs of the fourth-generation made computers affordable even by individuals for their personal use at home. Fifth Generation (1989-Present) The trend of further miniaturization of electronic components, the dramatic increase in the power of microprocessor...
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This document was uploaded on 04/07/2014.

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