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Workstations are commonly used for computer-aided design,
multimedia applications, and simulation of complex scientific and engineering
problems and visualizing the results of simulation. Workstations generally run
the Unix operating system or a variation of it. A workstation's operating system
is generally designed to support a multiuser environment.
6. Mainframe systems are computer systems that are mainly used for handling
the bulk of data and information processing of such organizations as banks,
insurance companies, hospitals, railways, etc. They are also used in such
environments where a large number of users need to share a common computing
facility such as in research groups, educational institutions, engineering firms, etc.
A typical configuration of a mainframe system consists of a host computer, a
front-end computer, a back-end Computer, one or more console terminals, several
magnetic disk drives, a few tape drives, a magnetic tape library, several user
terminals, several printers, and one or more plotters. A typical mainframe system
looks like a row of large file cabinets and needs a large room. A mainframe system having smaller configuration (slower host and subordinate computers,
lesser storage space, and fewer user terminals) is often referred to as a
Supercomputers are the most powerful and most expensive computers
available at a given time. They are primarily used for processing complex
scientific applications that require enormous processing power. Some of the well
known supercomputing applications include analysis of large volumes of seismic
data, simulation of airflow around an aircraft, crash simulation of the design of an
automobile, solving complex structure engineering problems, weather forecasting,
microscopic investigation of mechanical, electrical, optical and structural
properties of materials, and creating special effects for movies and TV
programmes. Like mainframe systems, supercomputers also s...
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This document was uploaded on 04/07/2014.
- Spring '14