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Unformatted text preview: tands for Beginners All-purpose Symbolic Instruction Code. It was
developed in the year 1964 by Professor John Kemeny and Thomas Kurtz at
Darmouth College in the United States. Their main objectives for developing a
new programming language were as follows:
It should be an interactive language that permits direct communication
between the user and the computer during the preparation and use of programs.
2. It must be easy for non2science students to learn and use the language.
In order to meet these objectives, the designers took the following approach in the
design of BASIC language:
1. It was designed to use terminals as the method of computer access. Before
this, most programs were entered into computers through either punched cards or
2. It was designed as an interpreted language (unlike FORTRAN and COBOL
which were compiled languages) so that programmers could create, run, test and
debug a program in interactive mode.
It was designed with very few statements and grammatical rules so that it
could be easily learnt and used by beginner programmers.
The language translator used for BASIC is an interpreter instead of a compiler.
This allows a programmer to check for syntax errors and immediately correct it as
the program is entered. It also makes the language simple and easy to implement
Because of its simplicity to implement, learn and use, BASIC was the first highlevel language to be implemented on personal computers when they were
introduced. Today, BASIC is available in almost all personal computers and even
in some pocket calculators. This fact makes it one of the most widely installed
computer languages in the world. Though simple and easy to learn, BASIC is quite flexible and reasonably
powerful. It can be used for both business and scientific applications. Users of
BASIC range from school students to scientists and engineers to business
managers. It is also used to teach programming basics to beginners.
A minimal version of BASIC was standardized by ANSI in 1978. But this
standard is so simple that it has been...
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This document was uploaded on 04/07/2014.
- Spring '14