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Unformatted text preview: .) related to the effective operation of a computer system.
Software engineering: A branch of engineering that deals with the systematic
application of the principles of computer science and mathematics in creating and
building cost-effective software solutions.
Software package: A group of programs that solve a specific problem or perform a
specific type of job. For example, a word-processing package.
Software piracy: The illegal copying or use of software.
Solid state: Electronic components whose operation depends on the control of
electric or magnetic phenomena in solids, such as transistors and diodes.
Sort: The process of arranging data into a desired sequence.
Source program: A program written in a symbolic or high-level language such as
assembly language, COBOL, BASIC, etc.
Special character: A graphic character that is neither a letter, a digit, nor a space
character; for example, the dollar sign, comma, period, etc.
Special purpose computer: A computer that is meant for doing only a particular
type of jobs.
Speculation: A technique, used in EPIC-based processors for improved
performance, which reduces the effect of memory-to-processor speed mismatch.
Speech synthesizer: A voice response system that converts text information into
Spooling: A mechanism to reduce the speed mismatch between slow I/O devices
and CPU, and to convert mutually exclusive I/O devices into non-mutually
exclusive I/O devices.
Spreadsheet: A numeric data analysis tool (software package) that allows users to
create a kind of computerized ledger. SQL: A standard query language for relational databases.
Stack: A memory in which information, which is stored last is on top and is
retrieved first. Also known as LIFO (Last-In-First-Out) storage.
Stand-alone: In a distributed data processing system, it refers to a computer system
that has an independent (from a central-site computer) processing and storage
Star network: A network in which multiple computers are connecte...
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This document was uploaded on 04/07/2014.
- Spring '14