This approach is continued for each and every part of

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Unformatted text preview: ss would lead to a disaster. Parallel Run As shown in Figure 13.2(b), in this method, both the old and the new systems are parallely operated with the same data for the initial three or four cycles. During this overlapping period of complete operation of the two systems, the results produced by the new system are compared with those produced by the old system to develop confidence in the new system. Some discrepancies may be discovered. Often these are due to inaccuracies in the old system that were not recognized before as inaccuracies. Some discrepancies may also be due to missing program logic for which no programming was provided or due to mistakes in the programming itself. These must be corrected by further debugging before the conversion is complete. This method is considered to be one of the safest ways to deploy a new system because of the availability of old system as a backup. There is no interruption of work if there are problems with the new system because the old system is still in operation and the problems found in the new system can be corrected while the old system is still being used. This method, however, is very expensive because additional manpower is needed during the overlapping period for the operation of two systems in parallel. Due to the requirement of additional manpower, the organization is under considerable strain during the period of parallel operation, and organizational breakdowns tend to occur if the period of parallel operation is long. Hence parallel operation must not be carried on any longer than needed to establish confidence in the new system. Continuing them too long is a sign of weakness in the new system. Due to the reason mentioned above, this method is not preferred in situations where manpower resource is scarce. It is also not used in situations where the new system differs to a great extent from the old system in the functions that it performs and its input and output. Phased Conversion As shown in Figure 13.2(c), in this method, the complete changeover...
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