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applications. To do so would waste an expensive and relatively rare resource.
Supercomputers are often treated as a national resource. This is mainly because it
is not economically viable to have many such facilities for developing countries
because of the cost involved in setting up the facility, maintaining the facility, and
fast obsolescence of technology. Another reason for this is that a nation's
leadership role in energy, space exploration, medicine, industry, and other critical
areas is unlikely to continue if its scientists must use computers that are less
powerful than those available to their counterparts in other countries. For example,
today's supercomputers are not fast enough to simulate airflow around an entire
aircraft. Builders of new airplanes must therefore simulate the passage of air
around separate pieces of the airplane and then combine the results to produce an
effective aerodynamic design. It is believed that the first nation to build a fast
enough supercomputer, which can simulate the airflow around a complete
airplane, will be the country that develops planes with superior safety, reliability,
and performance. The same holds good for other scientific research and
Leaders in the development of supercomputers include Cray Research Company,
IBM, Silicon Graphics, Fujitsu, and Intel. In India, we have a CRAY XMP-216
supercomputer installed at the National Center for Medium Range Weather
Forecasting (NCMRWF) in Delhi, and an IBM SP/2 supercomputer installed at the
Supercomputer Education and Research Center (SERC) in the Indian Institute of
Science, Bangalore. Realizing the importance of supercomputers in the
advancement of a nation, some national efforts of building supercomputers
indigenously have also been initiated. This has resulted in the development of
PARAM series of supercomputers by the Centre for Development of Advanced
Computing (C-DAC), Anupam series of supercomputers by the Bhabha Atomic
Research Centre (BARC), and PACE series of supercomputers by the Defence
Research and Development Organization (...
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This document was uploaded on 04/07/2014.
- Spring '14