Lecture15-M48,49

Acc anterior cingulate cortex module49 mood disorders

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Unformatted text preview: ACC,'which monitors'our'ac:ons'and'checks for'errors. ACC = anterior cingulate cortex Module$49: Mood Disorders Mood$Disorders Major'depressive'disorder'[MDD]'is: more'than'just'feeling'“down.” more'than'just'feeling'sad about'something. Bipolar'disorder'is: more'than'“mood'swings.” depression'plus'the'problema:c overly'“up”'mood'called'“mania.” Criteria$of$Major$Depressive$Disorders Major depressive disorder is not just one of these symptoms. It is one or both of the first two, PLUS three or more of the rest, lasting more than two weeks Depressed$mood$most$of$the$day,$and/or Markedly$diminished$interest$or$pleasure$in$ac8vi8es Significant'increase'or'decrease'in'appe:te'or'weight Insomnia,'sleeping'too'much,'or'disrupted'sleep Lethargy,'or'physical'agita:on Fa:gue'or'loss'of'energy'nearly'every'day Worthlessness,'or'excessive/inappropriate'guilt Daily'problems'in'thinking,'concentra:ng,'and/or making'decisions Recurring'thoughts'of'death'and'suicide Major$Depression: Not$Just$a$Depressive$Reac8on Some'people'make'an'unfair cri:cism'of'themselves'or others'with'major depression:'“There'is'nothing to'be'depressed'about.” If'someone'with'asthma'has an'aback,'do'we'say,'“what do'you'have'to'be'gasping about?” It'is'bad'enough'to'have'MDD that'persists'even'under “good”'circumstances.'Don’t add'cri:cism'by'implying'the depression'is'an'exaggerated response. Depression$is$Everywhere Depression'shows'up'in'people seeking'treatment: Phobias'are'the'most common'(frequently experienced)'disorder,'but depression'is'the'#1'reason people'seek'mental'health services. Depression'appears'worldwide: Per'year,'depressive'episodes happen'to'about'6'percent'of men'and'about'9'percent'of women. Over'the'course'of'a'life:me, 12'percent'of'Canadians'and'17 percent'of'Americans experience'depression. Depression: The “Common Cold” of Disorders? Although both are “common” (occurring frequently and pervasively), comparing depression to a cold doesn’t work. Depression: is more dangerous because of suicide risk. has fewer obs...
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