Lecture15-M48,49

Basedonolderunderstandingof psychologicaldisorders

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Unformatted text preview: al'symptoms. Based'on'older'understanding'of psychological'disorders, treatments'have'included: exorcising'evil'spirits,'bea:ngs, caging/restraint,'and Classifying$Psychological$Disorders Why'create'classifica:ons of'mental'illness?'What'is the'value'of'talking'about diagnoses'instead'of'just talking'about'individuals? 1.Diagnoses'create'a verbal'shorthand'for referring'to'a'list'of associated'symptoms. 2.Diagnoses'allow'us'to sta:s:cally'study'many similar'cases,'learning'to predict'outcomes. 3.Diagnoses'can'guide treatment'choices. The$Diagnos8c$and Sta8s8cal$Manual It’s'easier'to'count cases'of'au:sm'if'we have'a'clear'defini:on. Versions:'DSMUIVUTR, DSMUV'(May'2013) It’s'consistent'with diagnoses'used'by medical'doctors worldwide. The$Five$“Axes”$of$Diagnosis S8gma$and$Stereotypes Many'people'think'a'diagnos:c label'means'being'seen'as'tainted, weak,'and'weird. Because'of'this,'many'psychologists believe'we'should'use'extreme cau:on'in'diagnosing'and'labeling. However: these'nega:ve'views/s:gma'come from'popular'cultural'views'of mental'illness,'and'not'from'the DSM.'[Does'a'diabetes'diagnosis create's:gma?'No.'Bipolar diagnosis?'Yes.] the'DSM'may'contain'the informa:on'to'correct'inaccurate percep:ons'of'mental'illness. Insanity$and$Responsibility Jared'Lee'Loughner'shot many'people,'including'a'U.S. Representa:ve,'in'2011. Loughner'had'schizophrenia and'substance'abuse problems,'a'combina:on associated'with'increased violence. To$what$degree,$if$any, should$he$be$held responsible$for$his$ac8ons? What$is$the$appropriate consequence? Module$48:$Anxiety$Disorders Anxiety$Disorders GAD:$Generalized Anxiety$Disorder Emo8onalTcogni8ve symptoms$include worrying,'having'anxious feelings'and'thoughts about'many'subjects,'and some:mes'“freeUfloa:ng” anxiety'with'no'abachment to'any'subject.'Anxious an:cipa:on'interferes'with concentra:on. Physical$symptoms$include autonomic(arousal, trembling,'swea:ng, fidge:ng,'agita:on,'and sleep'disrup:on. Panic$Disorder: “I’m$Dying” A$panic...
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