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Lecture15-M48,49

Lecture15-M48,49 - Why$Learn$about$Psychological$Disorders...

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Why Learn about Psychological Disorders? Reasons for curiosity: personal familiarity with psychological symptoms knowing someone else with the disorder hearing about how prevalent and socially devasta:ng some disorders have become in society wan:ng to learn more about mental health and human nature Perspec8ves on Psychological Disorders How do we decide when a set of symptoms are severe enough to be called a disorder that needs treatment? Can we define specific disorders clearly enough so that we can know that we’re all referring to the same behavior/mental state? Can we use our diagnos:c labels to guide treatment rather than to s:gma:ze people? Questions to Keep in Mind
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Psychological disorders are: pa#erns of thoughts, feelings, or ac3ons that are deviant, distressful, and dysfunc3onal . Disorder refers to a state of mental/behavioral ill health. Patterns refers to finding a collection of symptoms that tend to go together, and not just seeing a single symptom. For there to be distress and dysfunction , symptoms must be sufficiently severe to interfere with one’s daily life and well being . Deviant means differing from the norm . Terms from the Definition “Deviant”? To deviate , in general, means to vary from what typically would happen. In psychology, a behavior or mental state is considered deviant by a culture when it is different from what would be expected in that culture . A disorder may also be a devia:on from a typical developmental pathway. Defining Deviance: The Role of Context and Culture Context: whether a behavior varies from expecta:on depends on the situa:on in which the behavior occurs Yelling for hours is not deviant when it happens at a football game. Culture: these painted faces might seem deviant when viewed from a different culture
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Understanding the Nature of Psychological Disorders One reason to diagnose a disorder is to make decisions about trea8ng the problem. To treat a disorder, it helps to understand the nature/cause of the psychological symptoms. Based on older understanding of psychological disorders, treatments have included: exorcising evil spirits, bea:ngs, caging/restraint, and Classifying Psychological Disorders Why create classifica:ons of mental illness? What is the value of talking about diagnoses instead of just talking about individuals? 1.Diagnoses create a verbal shorthand for referring to a list of associated symptoms. 2.Diagnoses allow us to sta:s:cally study many similar cases, learning to predict outcomes. 3.Diagnoses can guide treatment choices. The Diagnos8c and Sta8s8cal Manual It’s easier to count cases of au:sm if we have a clear defini:on. Versions: DSMUIVUTR, DSMUV (May 2013) It’s consistent with diagnoses used by medical doctors worldwide.
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The Five “Axes” of Diagnosis S8gma and Stereotypes Many people think a diagnos:c label means being seen as tainted, weak, and weird.
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