Lecture15-M48,49

Thiscanhappenwhenpeoplefeelfrustrated

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Unformatted text preview: illion'people'commit'suicide,'giving up'on'the'process'of'trying'to'cope'and'improve their'emo:onal'wellUbeing. This'can'happen'when'people'feel'frustrated, trapped,'isolated,'ineffec:ve,'and'see'no'end'to these'feelings. NonTsuicidal$selfTinjury$has'other'func:ons'such'as sending'a'message,'or'selfUpunishment. Understanding$Mood$Disorders Biological$aspects$and explana8ons SocialTcogni8ve$aspects and$explana8ons Evolu:onary Gene:c Brain'/Body Nega:ve'thoughts'and nega:ve'mood Explanatory'style The'vicious'cycle An$Evolu8onary$Perspec8ve$on$the Biology$of$Depression Depression,'in'its'milder,'nonU disordered'form,'may'have had'survival'value. Under'stress,'depression'is socialUemo:onal'hiberna:on. It'allows'humans'to: conserve'energy. avoid'conflicts'and'other risks. let'go'of'unabainable goals. take':me'to'contemplate. Biology$of$Depression:$Gene8cs Evidence'of'gene:c'influence'on'depression: 1.DNA'linkage'analysis'reveals'depressed'gene'regions 2.twin/adop:on'heritability'studies Biology$of$Depression:$The$Brain Brain'ac8vity'is'diminished'in'depression'and'increased'in mania. Brain'structure:'smaller'frontal'lobes'in'depression'and fewer'axons'in'bipolar'disorder Brain'cell'communica8on$(neurotransmiVers): more'norepinephrine'(arousing)'in'mania,'less'in depression reduced'serotonin'in'depression Preven8ng$or$Reducing$Depression: Using,Knowledge,of,the,Biology,of,Depression 1. Adjust neurotransmibers with'medica:on. 2. Increase'serotonin levels'with exercise. 3. Reduce'brain inflamma:on'with a'healthy'diet (especially'olive and'fish$oils). 4. Prevent'excessive alcohol'use'. Understanding$Mood$Disorders: The,SocialECogni.ve,Perspec.ve Discoun3ng(posi3ve informa3on(and(assuming(the worst'about'self,'situa:on, and'the'future [email protected] beliefs(such(as assuming'that one'(self)'is Learned unable'to'cope, Helplessness improve,'achieve, or'be'happy Low$SelfT Esteem Depression'is associated'with: Depressive Explanatory Style Rumina8on Stuck'focusing'on what’s'bad Depressive$Explanatory$Style How'we'analyze'bad'news'predicts'mood. Problema:c'event: Assump:ons'about the'problem The$problem$is: The$problem$is: The$problem$is: Mood/result'that goes'along'with these'views: Depression’s$Vicious$Cycle A'depressed'mood'may'develop'when'a'person'with'a nega:ve'outlook'experiences'repeated'stress. The'depressed mood'changes'a person’s'style'of thinking'and interac:ng'in'a way'that'makes stressful experience more'likely....
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2014 for the course PSYCH 10 taught by Professor Zaidel during the Winter '08 term at UCLA.

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