Lecture9-M23,M24

Dualdtrackprocessing explicitandimplicitmemories

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Unformatted text preview: ory memory. DualDTrack'Processing: Explicit'and'Implicit'Memories So#far,#we#have#been talking#about#explicit/ “declara=ve”'memories: facts,and,experiences that,we,can,consciously know,and,recall. Some#memories#are#formed without#going#through#all#the AtkinsonEShiffrin#stages.#These are#implicit'memories,#the ones#we#are#not#fully#aware#of and#thus#don’t#“declare”/talk about. Our#minds#acquire#this informa5on#through efforRul#processing: Studying,#rehearsing, thinking,#processing,#and then#storing#informa5on#in longEterm#memory. These#memories#are#typically formed#through#automa=c processing.#Implicit#memories are#formed#without,our awareness,that,we,are,building,a memory,#and#without#rehearsal or#other#processing#in#working memory. Automa=c'Processing Some!experiences!go!directly!to!long?term!implicit memory Some#experiences#are#processed#automa5cally#into#implicit memory,#without#any#effor\ul/working#memory#processing: procedural'memory,#such#as#knowing#how#to#ride#a#bike,#and wellEprac5ced#knowledge#such#as#word#meanings condi=oned'associa=ons,#such#as#a#smell#that#triggers thoughts#of#a#favorite#place informa5on#about#space,'such#as#being#able#to#picture#where things#are#a[er#walking#through#a#room informa5on#about#=me,'such#as#retracing#a#sequence#of events#if#you#lost#something informa5on#about#frequency,#such#as#thinking,#“I#just#no5ced that#this#is#the#third#person#I’ve#met#today#named#Ben.” First!phase!of!Encoding and!Processing: Sensory'Memory Sensory'memory:##the immediate,,very,brief recording,of,sensory informa9on#before#it#is processed#into#shortEterm or#longEterm#memory. We#very#briefly#capture#a#sensory'memory,#analogous to#an,echo,or,an,image,,of,all,the,sensa9ons,we,take,in. How#brief?#Sensory#memory#consists#of#about#a#3#to#4 second#echo,#or#a#1/20th#of#a#second#image. Evidence#of#auditory#sensory#memory,#called#“echoic” memory,#can#occur#a[er#someone#says,#“what#did#I#just say?”#Even,if,you,weren’t,paying,a=en9on,,you,can retrieve,about,the,last,eight,words,from,echoic,memory. Evidence#of#Visual#Sensory#(Iconic)#Memory: George#Sperling’s#Experiments George#Sperling#(b.#1934) exposed#people#to#a#1/20th ofEaEsecond#view#of#a#grid of#leSers,#followed#by#a tone#which#told#them which#row#of#leSers#to#pull from#iconic#memory#and recall. Without#the#tone,#people recalled#about#50#percent of#the#leSers;#with#the tone,#recall#for#any#of#the rows#was#typically#100 percent. To#simulate#Sperling’s experiment,#no5ce#the#three rows#of#leSers#below.#Based on#the#color#of#the#leSers, you#will#know#that#you#must recall#on...
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2014 for the course PSYCH 10 taught by Professor Zaidel during the Winter '08 term at UCLA.

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