Chinese Philosophy Day Six Notes - Chinese Philosophy Day Six Notes What is Human Nature Mencius v Xunzi Background notes-Hundred years of warfare led

Chinese Philosophy Day Six Notes - Chinese Philosophy Day...

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Chinese Philosophy Day Six Notes “What is Human Nature? Mencius v. Xunzi” Background notes: -Hundred years of warfare led to a more pessimistic view of humanity. -Often these is a correlation between historical events and philosophy. -Sensus communis: Ideological culture is shaped by the general sense or feeling of society. I. Philosophy of Mencius A. Psychology of Ren-2 1. Mencius maps human subjectivity into 4 regions: i. A feeling of commiseration ii. A feeling of shame and dislike iii. A feeling of deference and compliance iv. A feeling of right and wrong 2. This shows that there was an attempt to understand human nature and in a deeper way and there was a new emphasis on feeling. B. Emphasis on human nature 1. Mencius believed that righteousness still remained inside man, not externally. 2. However, man, like nature, has become corrupted and we must return to our original state.
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i. In order to return to this state we must use Confucian relationships and li-3. C. The goal of the external is to cultivate the internal.
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Unformatted text preview: II. Aspects of Xunzi A. Background: 250 b.c, Xunzi is what westerns would call an “empiricist”. B. Elements of original human evil put him at odds with Confucianism. C. Goodness believed that human nature is inherently evil but goodness can be drawn out through activity. D. Emergence of the good in Xunzi 1. Humans want to be good because they know they are evil. 2. This knowledge of the state of evil is achieved through empiricism. 3. People must be transformed by a civilizing influence (pattern). 4. Nature may be evil, but the pattern of the cosmos is one of order and propriety. 5. The pattern of the larger correlative whole may be the moral key. 6. Xunzi believes that good emerges because of an evil condition. i. In order for man to get along we must better ourselves. 7. Li-3 is for the sake of keeping communal well-being. 8. Xunzi focuses on cultivating culture whereas Mencius focuses on cultivating the individual....
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  • Spring '14
  • Dr.Wang
  • Confucianism, Chinese philosophy, Xunzi

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