Chinese Philosophy Day Seven notes - Chinese Philosophy Day Seven notes How to Govern Mozi and Hanfeizi Mozi background Around 450 b.c Mozi held the

Chinese Philosophy Day Seven notes - Chinese Philosophy Day...

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Chinese Philosophy Day Seven notes “How to Govern: Mozi and Hanfeizi” Mozi background: Around 450 b.c, Mozi held the doctrine of universal love or defenseless warfare. Mozi, representing the Mohists, was a strong opponent of Confucianists. Experts theorize that Mozi came from a lower class of society due to this primitive writing. Henfeizi: He represented the legalists, opted for absolute power or ruler and offensive warfare. Legalists ideas led to a unified China through subjugation. I. Mozi: how to govern A. Universal love 1. Love is the solution. 2. Universal love would negate calamities and oppression of the poor. 3. If everyone adheres to universal love, there will be a united community. B. Universal love compared to the Confucian Ren-2 1.There is a crudeness and simplicity to universal love when compared to ren-2. 2. The sophistication of Confucianism ultimately won out. C. Mencius critique 1. If we all love all, we don’t have the ability to single out hierarchical
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Unformatted text preview: relationships. 2. However, if the ruler is the father of the kingdom, isn’t there room for this universal love? II. Hanfeizi-legalists (law) A. Legalism-rejection of all identity and rights, except for the ruler. B. This is the only school that rejected all other Chinese schools. C. Legalism only recognized the ruler. D. Everyone must follow the law. E. This prospective may just become an outcome of many years of war. F. Legalism was ultimately the state that unified China. G. Legalism mocked Confucian ritual. H. Where does fa-3 come from? 1. Scholars say that it is not far away from dao-4. 2. Fa-3 is similar to the dao because they both withdraw and are hidden and they both lack autonomy or social awareness. I. Positives of legalism 1. Legalists systemized roads. 2. Made one unified state. 3. Made a single currency. J. The brutality of the legalists never departed from China....
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  • Spring '14
  • Dr.Wang
  • Confucianism, Chinese philosophy, universal love, Mozi, Mozi background

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