Lecture 1

She studied with edward titchener but was barred from

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Unformatted text preview: Harvard PhD. Why? Because of her gender. Mary Whiton Calkins Psychology Pioneers Margaret Floy Washburn, PhD Margaret Floy Washburn (1871 ­1939) (First female Ph.D.!), became the second female APA president, and wrote The Animal Mind. She studied with Edward Titchener, but was barred from his experimental psychology organiza9on. Guess why. ShiHing defini9ons of “psychology” Wilhelm Wundt and Edward Titchener, around 1900: “The science of mental life.” John B. Watson and B.F. Skinner, behaviorists, 1920’s: “The scien9fic study of observable behavior.” Cogni9ve psychologists, 1960’s, studied internal mental processes, helped by neuroscience. ShiHing defini9ons of “psychology” Now w.e John B Watson and combine these B.F. Skinner, defini9ons: behaviorists, 1920’s: “The “The science of scien9fic study behavior and of observable behavior.” mental processes.” The Big Issue in Psychology: N ­N The Nature ­ Nurture Ques9on: To what extent are our traits already set in place at birth (our “Nature”)? And to what extent do our traits develop in response to our environment/ experience (our “Nurture”)? Nature vs. Nurture Descartes: Some ideas are innate. John Locke: The mind is a blank slate (blank chalkboard or screen) “wriPen on” by experience. We share a common origin that gives Nature us an inborn human nature in common. + We have differences Nurture are that shaped by our environment “Nurture works on what Nature endows.” Biology Plus Environment.. are part of psychology’s three “biopsychosocial” levels of analysis. The deep level, Biology: genes, brain, neuro ­ transmiPers, survival, reflexes, sensa9on In the middle, Psychology: thoughts, emo9ons, moods, choices, behaviors, traits, mo9va9ons, knowledge, percep9ons The outer level, Environment: social Influences, culture, educa9on, rela9onships The three levels as influences on psychological phenomenon There are many perspec9ves for describing psychological phenomena: Cogni9ve perspec9ve Social ­cultural Behavioral gene9cs From different angles, you ask different ques5ons: How we encode, process, store, and retrieve informa9on; How we think How behavior and thinking vary across situa9ons and cultures Neuroscience How our genes and our environment influen...
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2014 for the course PSYCH 10 taught by Professor Zaidel during the Fall '08 term at UCLA.

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