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Lecture19-M52,54

Lecture19-M52,54 - Module 52 The Psychological Therapies...

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Module 52: The Psychological Therapies History of Mental Health Treatment When people have displayed unusual behaviors rooted in the mind, these people have o5en been locked away or “treated” using old ideas of mental illness. Old ways of ge-ng rid of “the evil spirits” include: bea;ng them out of people. bleeding them out. le-ng the spirits out through holes drilled in the skull.
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Other Reforms in Treatment Seeing the “insane” as ill instead of “possessed” [email protected] them with tenderness, not harshness Housing them in hospitals rather than locking them up in asylums Developing [email protected] treatments, [email protected], and community supports to allow life outside hospitals Reforms in Treatment This chair was designed to be an improvement in medical treatment. It was meant to have a calming effect on people with mania. Psychotherapy: an interac)ve experience with a trained professional, working on understanding and changing behavior, thinking, rela)onships, and emo)ons Current Forms of Therapy Biomedical therapy: the use of medica)ons and other procedures ac)ng directly on the body to reduce the symptoms of mental disorders There are various forms of psychotherapy. Combining Therapies An eclecAc approach uses techniques from various forms of therapy to fit the client’s problems, strengths, and preferences. Medica)ons and psychotherapy can be used together , and may help the each other achieve beHer [email protected] in symptoms.
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Noteworthy Schools of Psychotherapy Psychoanalysis , psychodynamic therapy HumanisAc , client-­૒centered therapy Behavior therapy, using [email protected] CogniAve therapy, changing thoughts Sigmund Freud’s legacy Carl Rogers and Abraham Maslow B.F. Skinner and Ivan Pavlov applied to people Aaron Beck and Albert Ellis, reducing errors and distress Psychoanalysis Sigmund Freud (1856-­૒1939) found that the unusual symptoms of [email protected] [email protected] improved when repressed inner conflicts and feelings were brought into conscious awareness. Psychoanalysis refers to a set of techniques for releasing the tension of repression and resolving unconscious inner conflicts. Techniques: Free associaAon: the pa)ent speaks freely about memories, dreams, feelings InterpretaAon: the therapist suggests unconscious meanings and underlying wishes to help the client gain insight and release tension
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The therapist may see unconscious meaning in resistance, dreams, and transference. Resistance: the therapist [email protected] @mes when the [email protected] seems blocked in speaking about certain subjects InterpretaAon in Psychoanalysis Dreams: there may be themes or “latent content” behind the plot of a [email protected]’s dream Transference: the [email protected] may have [email protected] toward the therapist that are actually based on feelings toward someone from the past Psychodynamic Therapy Less intensive version of psychoanalysis Fewer sessions per week and fewer years Less theory about sex, id, and superego The focus is on improved self-­૒awareness and insight
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