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Unformatted text preview: ore than just feeling sad about something. Bipolar disorder is: more than “mood swings.” depression plus the problema7c overly “up” mood called “mania.” Criteria of Major Depressive Disorders Major depressive disorder is not just one of these symptoms. It is one or both of the first two, PLUS three or more of the rest, lasting more than two weeks Depressed mood most of the day, and/or Markedly diminished interest or pleasure in ac9vi9es Significant increase or decrease in appe7te or weight Insomnia, sleeping too much, or disrupted sleep Lethargy, or physical agita7on Fa7gue or loss of energy nearly every day Worthlessness, or excessive/inappropriate guilt Daily problems in thinking, concentra7ng, and/or making decisions Recurring thoughts of death and suicide Major Depression: Not Just a Depressive Reac9on Some people make an unfair cri7cism of themselves or others with major depression: “There is nothing to be depressed about.” If someone with asthma has an a>ack, do we say, “what do you have to be gasping about?” It is bad enough to have MDD that persists even under “good” circumstances. Don’t add cri7cism by implying the depression is an exaggerated response. Depression is Everywhere Depression shows up in people seeking treatment: Phobias are the most common (frequently experienced) disorder, but depression is the #1 reason people seek mental health services. Depression appears worldwide: Per year, depressive episodes happen to about 6 percent of men and about 9 percent of women. Over the course of a life7me, 12 percent of Canadians and 17 percent of Americans experience depression. Depression: The “Common Cold” of Disorders? Although both are “common” (occurring frequently and pervasively), comparing depression to a cold doesn’t work. Depression: is more dangerous because of suicide risk. has fewer observable symptoms. is more lasting than a cold, and is less likely to go away just with time. is much less contagious. And…depressive pain is beyond sniffles. Seasonal Affec9ve Disorder [SAD] Seasonal affec9ve disorder is more than simply disliking winter...
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2014 for the course PSYCH 10 taught by Professor Zaidel during the Fall '08 term at UCLA.

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