Lecture17-M48,49

Lecture17-M48,49 - Module 48 Anxiety Disorders Anxiety...

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Module’48:’Anxiety’Disorders Anxiety’Disorders
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GAD:’Generalized Anxiety’Disorder Emo9onal-cogni9ve symptoms’ include worrying , having anxious feelings and thoughts about many subjects, and some7mes “free-floa7ng” anxiety with no a>achment to any subject. Anxious an7cipa7on interferes with concentra7on. Physical’symptoms’ include autonomic arousal , trembling, swea7ng, Fdge7ng, agita7on, and sleep disrup7on. Panic’Disorder: “I±m’Dying ” A ’panic’a²ack’ is not just an “anxiety a>ack.” It may include: many minutes of intense dread or terror. chest pains, choking, numbness, or other frightening physical sensa7ons. Pa7ents may feel certain that it’s a heart a>ack. a feeling of a need to escape. Panic’disorder’ refers to repeated and unexpected panic a>acks, as well as a fear of the next a>ack, and a change in behavior to avoid panic a>acks.
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Specifc’Phobia A’specifc’phobia’ is more than just a strong fear or dislike. A speciFc phobia is diagnosed when there is an uncontrollable, irra.onal, intense desire to avoid the some object or situa.on . Even an image of the object can trigger a reac7on--“GET IT AWAY ±ROM ME!!!”--the uncontrollable, irra.onal, intense desire to avoid the object of the phobia± Some’Fears’and’Phobias What trends are evident here? Which varies more, fear or phobias? What does this imply? Agoraphobia is the avoidance of situa4ons in which one will fear having a panic a7ack , especially a situa7on in which it is difficult to get help, and from which it difficult to escape. Social’phobia’ refers to an intense fear of being watched and judged by others . It is visible as a fear of public appearances in which embarrassment or humilia7on is possible, such as public speaking, ea7ng, or performing. Some’Other’Phobias
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Obsessive-Compulsive’Disorder’[OCD] Obsessions’ are intense, unwanted worries, ideas, and images that repeatedly pop up in the mind. A compulsion’ is a repeatedly strong feeling of “needing” to carry out an ac7on, even though it doesn’t feel like it makes sense. When is it a “ disorder ”? Distress: when you are deeply frustrated with not being able to control the behaviors or Dysfunc7on: when the 7me and mental energy spent on these thoughts and behaviors interfere with everyday life Common’OCD’Behaviors Common pa>ern: RE CHECKING Although you know that you’ve already made sure the door is locked, you feel you must check again. And again. Percentage of children and adolescents with OCD repor7ng these obsessions or compulsions:
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Post-Trauma9c Stress’Disorder [PTSD] About 10 to 35 percent of people who experience trauma not only have burned-in memories, but also four weeks to a life7me of: repeated intrusive recall of those memories.
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Lecture17-M48,49 - Module 48 Anxiety Disorders Anxiety...

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