Lecture18-M50,51

Culturallybound psychological disorders amok

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Unformatted text preview: rexia, if families are compe00ve, high ­achieving, and protec0ve Cultural factors: unrealis0c ideals of body appearance Personality Disorders Personality disorders are enduring pa<erns of social and other behavior that impair social func1oning. There are three “clusters”/categories of personality disorders. Anxious: e.g., Avoidant P.D., ruled by fear of social rejec0on Eccentric/Odd: e.g. Schizoid P.D., with flat affect, no social adachments Drama;c: e.g. Histrionic, aden0on ­seeking; narcissis0c, self ­centered; an0social, amoral How common are psychological disorders? Countries vary greatly in the percentage of people repor0ng mental health issues in the past year. Rates of Psychological Disorders This list takes a closer look at the past ­year prevalence of various mental health diagnoses in the United States. Culturally ­bound Psychological Disorders Amok (Southeast Asia, Scandinavia): Dissocia0ve condi0on characterized by a non ­premeditated violent, disorderly, or homicidal rage directed against other objects or persons. The condi0on, which is oUen accompanied by amnesia and exhaus0on, is typically incited by a perceived or actual insult and can occur as part of the brief psycho0c episode or as an exacerba0on of a chronic psycho0c illness. Culturally ­bound Psychological Disorders Ghost sickness (Na1ve American Tribes; Navajo): Physical symptoms can include weakness and fa0gue, diminished appe0te, or other diges0on problems. There may be dizziness or fain0ng, a sense of suffoca0on or the inability to breathe. Psychological symptoms may include nightmares, anxiety, a sense of being in danger, hallucina0ons, and confusion. Tends to occur to individuals who are preoccupied and/or consumed by the deceased. Culturally ­bound Psychological Disorders Taijin kyofusho (Japan): A phobia dealing with social anxiety. People with T...
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2014 for the course PSYCH 10 taught by Professor Zaidel during the Fall '08 term at UCLA.

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