Lecture18-M50,51

Did or did not evidence that did might be real dierent

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Unformatted text preview: onali0es Dissocia;ve Iden;ty Disorder (D.I.D.) formerly “Mul7ple Personality Disorder” In the rare actual cases of D.I.D., the personalities: are distinct, and not present in consciousness at the same time. may or may not appear to be aware of each other. Alterna;ve Explana;ons for D.I.D. Dissocia0ve “iden00es” might just be an extreme form of playing a role. D.I.D. in North America might be a recent cultural construc0on, similar to the idea of being possessed by evil spirits. Cases of D.I.D. might be created or worsened by therapists encouraging people to think of different parts of themselves. D.I.D., or DID Not? Evidence that D.I.D. might be real Different personali0es have involved: different brain wave paderns. different leU ­right handedness. different visual acuity and eye muscle balance paderns. Pa0ents with D.I.D. also show heightened ac0vity in areas of the brain associated with managing and inhibi0ng trauma0c memories. Ea0ng Disorders Anorexia nervosa Bulimia nervosa Binge-eating disorder Anorexia Nervosa Bulimia Nervosa Binge ­Ea;ng Disorder These may involve: unrealis0c body image and extreme body ideal. a desire to control food and the body when one’s situa0on can’t be controlled. cycles of depression. health problems. Defini;on Prevalence Compulsion to lose weight, 0.6 percent coupled with certainty about meet criteria at being fat despite being 15 percent some 0me or more underweight during life0me Compulsion to binge, ea0ng large amounts fast, then purge by losing 1.0 percent the food through vomi0ng, laxa0ves, and extreme exercise Compulsion to binge, followed by 2.8 percent guilt and depression Ea;ng Disorders: Associated Factors Family factors: having a mother focused on her weight, and on child’s appearance and weight nega0ve self ­evalua0on in the family for bulimia, if childhood obesity runs in the family for ano...
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