Che363FinalSolt_2007 - NAME m May 12, 2007 . Separations...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–8. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Background image of page 2
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Background image of page 4
Background image of page 5

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Background image of page 6
Background image of page 7

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Background image of page 8
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: NAME m May 12, 2007 . Separations Processes CHE 353 . FiNAL EXAM You may refer to a text of your choice (inciuding the Continuous Distillation Chapter 12 and Belter Drying and Crystallization printouts), but no class notes. Short answer (2 pts each) ‘1. Give the dimensions of the following in terms of length L, mass M, time fand temperature T a. population density n (le de} ti? /L_4a b. overall mass transfer coefficient based on a partial pressure driving force, A}; -‘ m - Ni NIL-3‘4: MLl'tz M akPAptvi /Lo_4; m glare) .._ _M , f g JC/L _ I tip ‘ Fm “ML/9+1 c. adsorbent concentration at saturation qo M A} d. crystal nucleation rate 8 133‘: /L.3t e. diffusion coefficientD L1 /t 2. Which separation technique is indicated for the following processes? Choose from: absorption] stripping, adsorption, distiilation, membranes, extraction, leaching, drying, crystallization. - a. Acid to recover copper from low—grade ore lucid“? («OIo//M @ Whammy) b. Purifying black Hawaiian sea salt to sell for $9 a bag at Whole Foods 00’3in / Wfimufgfivfi c. Purifying bio—ethanol from a liquid cuiture of yeast (an aqueous “beer") distillation d. Chasing a Drano cocktail with activated charcoal Gal Sorp’h' 6% e. Aerating yourtropicai fish tank with a bubbler aloSov P—l {m 3. In distillation, would a feed composed of saturated vapor or saturated liquid likely require more stages and why? Which would require more energy? Problems: SHOW YOUR WORK 1. Mg(OH)2 can be made by continuously reacting MgClg and Ca(Oi—i)2 in a 1 L stirred tank. The popuiation density vs orystai size for an average time of 300 seconds is given below. ,3 f a. What is the growth rate? pts) ‘ b. What is the nucieation rate? (Mrs) 1-4, A w l < E U V 3-. a: In E U 'U C .2 4-! .‘E ‘3 D. O Q. I”) Vwm ngja‘fl/‘i'w, 2. You want to scate up an adsorption process; your smallmscale laboratory cotumn (’1 cm diameter, 20 cm long) showed a breakthrough time of 40 min and an exhaustion time of 52 minutes. Other experiments suggest that the unused bed length (LUB) is about equal to an HTU and you expect mass transfer coefficients in this bed to vary inverseiy with the square root of the flow rate. In your new column, you need t0,000 times greater capacity using a bed 130 cm long (to minimize the pressure drop). You ptan to increase the flow 17 times. a. What is the LUB for the smelt—scale column? (5 pts) b. What is the LUB in small—scale column with the new flow—rate? (5 pts) 0. For the large column, what bed diameter should be used? (10 pts) Awri' bounce +5 GHWVIMCQ+B 13—1—0} Waalqj a; Caiumn Mn +0 +5: = .3 M F 95b?) [7 ~77: m4 $08483] "ii . 4045i 0.5590 - <9 LWfi = ifs-e) : ao ¢m({'0.3~7o) : 5342/ an 4 dudm t b LLH$2 H , G ‘ ' D I‘ Tu . M Kax if“; “W” the our; CM a) I‘M!” MM"; <4”! “I3 «15‘ 196% ass/54’ awe" __ SMALL 8'16 7‘ :le/d-Z(/30"/°‘8)CM * lO‘q {({CM)2‘(.§20~3\6/)6m " SLGLQ/ afhfiw = 33’._,1 CM 6 d “U— “(elm/8&1, 3. The attached chart gives the weight of damp Cheerios vs time in a graduated cylinder 3.67 cm in diameter. The weight changes because the cereal is slowly drying in air (c:sat = 2 x 10'5 gromB; 40% humidity). a. What is the drying mechanism for the first day? (Hint: use the data to sketch weight vs time or rate vs time) (5 pts) b. What is the mass transfer coefficient out of the cylinder in cmi sector Day 1’? (10 pts) Time (hrs) Weight (g) W 15; 0 28 3 27 B 26 m age 9 25 not“ H“ 03:; ‘(0 12 24 18 22 24 20 36 18 3.. [2.4: 1* 3L {,3 M.“ 48 17 WW 0U: w - 69 LEM. M33 ’7’ gm Hw WW 4. You want to absorb 99% of the carbon dioxide in 4.2 kg/sec of nearly pure air by washing it with water in two countercurrent stages. The water enters pure. The equilibrium Eine under these conditions is y" = 16 x. How much water is required? (10 pts) 5. pawl-pg i—e‘bu'WflS DC NTLL = You want to purify 99% trichllorosilane to produce a 99.999% distillate in a differential distillation column with 9.6 transfer units. The equilibrium Eine under the operating conditions of this column is y* = 0.65 + 0.35X. You plan to feed the column at the bottom with a saturated vapor. The column has a total condenser but no reboiler. What is the highest purity trichlorosilane you canmake with this column? (20 pts) ‘ ‘ Kym/x ((1,3) We 4%) I)“ #338 0 “ .55, g ( $.35gfljj xii—a .45 (f‘.‘?‘?) , ‘i .62 5 , ' 1T L-‘X’A'fl ? / 0.35 Ja’ aé§.(fflg.) : ' fl .. p36, JLWU “wit/12 amiga "X0 6. You need to estimate an overall mass transfer coefficient for Solute adsorption from an aqueous solution of density 1.3 g/cm3 into hydrogel beads 0.03 cm in diameter. The coefficient Ky is defined by N1 = Kyly-y") where Ni has units of gfcmzsec and the y is in units of solute mass fraction in the water. The mass transfer coefficient kS in the soiution is 10“3 cm/sec; that within the beads is given by kb 2 601d where d is the particle diameter and D the diffusion coefficient, equal here to 3 x 10“3 cm2/ sec. Because the beads are hydrogels, the partition coefficient is one. a. Write an expression for Ky in terms of ks and Rh (3 pts) b. Estimate K3, in the units given (7 pts) ‘ Aqueous Solution N1 7 K3 131:3 2 KL £5 CL With solute J, L a : 0 Units Wilt-s . 3 Flu“)! uticbfij l l “i - a) K '5 a + 0 4w Fayvr‘rrlfak Cwfi‘C/UMS ~é/C 507% magma/m! assm ms % mic flaw}, Ezi‘a‘s Jets] abwflwmawfidaam i“ {3 5’ lily/(3] 41:“ assumes umf’j ) lam/c, CDWCCMVZM - -‘A...v, __.,_.--. FINAL EXAM POSSIBLY USEFUL INFORMATIO N Rate Processes dc1 NI = — Dm+Clvu {Fisk’s law} dz . Fufgfliiz‘yg); A ::.:'.:f:::..‘::d_ 7. ._ ,. H , gag_p1mgg,.fimss (trangfg}:)fi‘i'ff‘2.".ii".L1... 2 KJI )1 - yr") (overall mass transfer) = - 31—3} {overaii mass transfer) 1 m ——+ k), c_r . DH _ N! =1} = T AC1 (membrane separation) 1/ 2/3 h =11 2/3 ' _ k f)" = a “if = fit/2 ‘ (Chilton—Colbum anaiogy) G . L L - . . y 2 (ya - "G" x0} + E; x ‘ (operatmg hue) ' ~ fl 5 ' L “ . . H=(H0 —_LE1THEOZ'0)+ "5'3 THZG ‘ (opemtmg hm?) 'yo 6 z W?» “(QM (absorption) Kya y. y n y 1-: g 2 mg fig; . (watercooliiig) kya #6 H —H ' - Stawed Unit Operatlons I, _ L . . )1” : (y! - 5 x0) + g x” (operatmg 11116:) “CD RD - . . . _ _ . . 3 f + RD + I + RD xn (chstillatmn. Lacflfymg sec’uonD fiAIHJ A 1 -Au YN+J E 1 _ A ) 3’1” ( (j -14 )) yo (linear‘iSotherm;A : L/mG) N — inrm'rywj / I; {hm EM] (3116a; ssiheam} yl "yo VN yr: J ...
View Full Document

Page1 / 8

Che363FinalSolt_2007 - NAME m May 12, 2007 . Separations...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 8. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online