Ancient China Notes - Part 3.pptx - Golden Ages in China...

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Golden Ages in China Tang & Song Dynasties
The Han Dynasty Collapses After the collapse of the Han, China broke apart and remained divided for nearly 400 years Not necessarily a period of turmoil and chaos Farm production expanded, technology improved, Buddhism spread, and invaders often adopted Chinese civilization rather than demolish it Various dynasties rose and fell in the south, but China was not restored to its early glory until the Tang Dynasty in 618 CE
The Tang Dynasty Li Yuan was the first Tang emperor General under the Sui dynasty Li Yuan and his son Li Shimon led a revolt against the Sui, crushed all other political rivals, and established the Tang dynasty Eight years later, Li Shimon convinced his aging father to step down and took the throne himself Tang Taizhong
Tang Taizhong One of China’s most admired emperor Chinese armies forced Vietnam, Tibet, and Korea to become tributary states Remained self-governing but had to acknowledge Chinese supremacy and send regular tribute to the Tang emperor Rebuilt the bureaucracy, enlarged the civil service system, developed a more flexible law code Instituted land reform that broke up large agricultural holdings and redistributed land to peasants Strengthened the emperor by weakening the power of large landowners
Decline of the Tang Later Tang emperors lost territories in Central Asia to the Arabs Corruption, high taxes, drought, famine, and rebellions all contributed to the downfall of the Tang 907- a rebel general overthrew the last Tang emperor
The Song Dynasty 960 – a scholarly

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