chapter 9 study guide

Might be underway but years of vulnerability to

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Unformatted text preview: than large plantations • Where landlords are typically less focused on farming §༊ Better balance of labor to land §༊ Less dormant land and fewer idle landlords o Overall ag sector doing well §༊ Exs: chile (diversification) and Brazil (biofuel) Asia o More equal, smaller land holdings o 85% are sharecroppers, not owners §༊ low productivity due to incentives problems o High population growth à༎ fragmented dwarf land holdings §༊ Inefficient scale and low productivity, peasant impoverishment o Historical origins §༊ European colonial legacy of private property • Replaced traditional land structures §༊ Many owners are also lost land over time • Moneylenders • Social obligations Africa o Some export crops (coffee, cocoa, sugar) o But primarily subsistence farming §༊ Shifting cultivation • Small plots farmed and rotated, rest underutilized §༊ Low tech • Unimproved seeds, little fertilizer or irrigation • Diminishing returns • African green revolution might be underway • But years of vulnerability to climate change o Coordination failure problems §༊ Excess demand for labor at planting time Women and Agriculture • Provide agricultural labor o 60% to 80% in Africa and Asia o 40% in Latin America • Work longer hours than men o Paid and unpaid o Food security not cash crops • Ignored by many government assistance programs o Target men, not women • International priority Subsistence Farming Trap • Why don’t farmers adopt higher yiel...
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This document was uploaded on 04/10/2014.

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