Ethical Research - DP Home Notes Ch.3 Ethical Research...

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DP Home Notes: Ch.3 Ethical Research Milgram’s Obedience Experiment The Belmont Report - Current ethical guidelines for both behavioral and medical researchers have their origins in The Belmont Report - Three basic ethical principles: beneficence, respect for persons, and justice o Assessment of risks and benefits o Informed consent o Selection of subjects Assessment of Risks and Benefits - Beneficence: the need for research to maximize benefits and minimize any possible harmful effects of participation - Risk-benefit analysis: must calculate potential risks and benefits that are likely to result from research - Risks may include psychological or physical harm and loss of confidentiality - Cost of not conducting the study? - Benefits: monetary payment, gift, winning a prize, etc o Or satisfaction gained through being part of a scientific investigation o Benefits of the findings Risks in Psychological Research - Stress and psychological harm Physical Harm - These studies are rare - Medical procedures - There must be clear benefits to make these experiments morally acceptable Stress - More common - Anxiety - Asking people to recall traumatic events - Debriefing must occur after Loss of Privacy and Confidentiality - Researchers must take care to protect the privacy of individuals - Keep all data locked in a secure place - Confidentiality becomes particularly important when studying topics such as sexual behavior, divorce, family violence, or drug abuse - Develop a way to identify the individuals but to separate the info about their identity from the actual data - Concealed observation of behavior Informed Consent
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- Principle of Respect for persons or autonomy states that participants are treated as autonomous; they are capable of making deliberate decisions about whether to participate in research - Informed consent: potential participants in a research project should be provided with all info that might influence their decision of whether to participate o Study’s purpose o Risks/benefits o And rights of refusal Informed Consent Form - Form is printed for the participant to read and sign -
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