Frontal Lobe - Human Neuropsychology Class Notes Major Parts of Frontal Lobe*Lateral prefrontal cortex*Frontal Pole Ventromedial prefrontal cortex

Frontal Lobe - Human Neuropsychology Class Notes Major...

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Human Neuropsychology April 23, 2012 Class Notes: Major Parts of Frontal Lobe: - *Lateral prefrontal cortex: - *Frontal Pole - Ventromedial prefrontal cortex - Premotor Areas: frontal lobe and specifics of behavior - Primary Motor Area (4) - Posterior Cingulate Gyrus - *Medial frontal cortex: participates in executive control of function - *Orbitofrontal Cortex - Amount of frontal cortex varies with species o Absolute and proportional size significantly large in humans What Controls Behavior? - Bottom-up (non-Frontal) mechanisms o Automatic attention to sound o Driving car (when experienced) o “out of sight, out of mind” - Top-down (executive) Frontal Lobe Control o Learning to drive o Planning an action o Inhibiting an impulsive response o Maintaining information in memory o Changing plans - Prefrontal functions o Planning, setting goals, initiating action o Monitoring outcomes and adapting to errors o Mental effort in pursuing difficult goals o Motivation - Monkeys with prefrontal lesions demonstrate selective impairment on the

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