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10/29/2013Class 161South American Morpho butterfly wing 10X Morphotex fabric & L’Oreal cosmetics mimic the structureFDA Investigates 5 Deaths and a Heart AttackUSA Today 10/12/12Common factor is Monster™ Energy Drink consumption. Monster’sstock shares fell >15% next day on news of investigation. Lawsuits. Soda sales have been flat or declining in U.S. recently, but energy drinkCHM 300Class 16October 24, 2013sector rose over 17% last year. Now approaching 5% of preparedbeverage market.FDA caps caffeine content of carbonated sodas to 0.02%, but no limiton energy drinks. Monster contains 240 mg caffeine per serving, ~ 5 colas. Caffeine, a plant alkaloid, is most widely-used psychoactive drug in world. Restores alertness andreduces drowsiness. Long-term use may be protectiveagainst some cancers but a weak teratogen. Oral humanLDLO= 192 mg/kg (175 mg rat, 149 mg dog. In humans, ~1000 mgdoses cause dizziness, headache, vomiting, cardiac arrhythmias. Orally99% bioavailable, half-life ~5 hours, excreted through urine.
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