Philosophical Ethics - Philosophical Ethics A Moral...

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Philosophical EthicsA.Moral relativism1.Different types of relativism1.i. Action relativism“The right action for me to do is not always the right action for you to doExtremely circumstantial1.ii.Belief relativism“The moral standards you believe are correct are not always the moral standards I believe are correct”Different morals are correct for different peopleThe truth about morality is relative-Benedict argues that morally is culturally relative2.Anthropological argument2.i. Different people engage in different practices2.ii.Therefore, different people believe in different moral standardsThe progression from 1 to 2 as it stands is not a valid one-It is an enthymemeHowever, second point is still true2.iii.Therefore, different moral standards are correct for different peopleJust because a person believes something, doesn’t mean that it is true2.iv.If different people believe in different moral standards, then different moral standards are correct for different peopleIf different people believe different things about X, then different things about X are correct for different people3.There must be change in the right direction, in the direction of truer moral standards4.If moral relativism is not true, there cannot be a tolerance of other ethical standardsB. Ethics1.Good and bad apply to things, while right and wrong apply to actions2.Theories about ethics2.i. Theories of good/badX is good if and only if X is __________2.ii.

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